‘Biological diversity’ means the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.
How would you describe biodiversity?
The term “biodiversity” refers to the variety of living organisms. Biodiversity brings together the different species and forms of life (animal, plant, entomological and other) and their variability, that is to say, their dynamics of evolution in their ecosystems.
What is diversity in biology short answer?
Species diversity refers to the variety of different types of species found in a particular area. … It includes all the species ranging from plants to different microorganisms. No two individuals of the same species are exactly similar. For example, humans show a lot of diversity among themselves.
What are three ways to define biodiversity?
Usually three levels of biodiversity are discussed—genetic, species, and ecosystem diversity. Genetic diversity is all the different genes contained in all individual plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. It occurs within a species as well as between species.
Why is diversity important biology?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. …
What is biodiversity with example?
Biodiversity is the variety of life. … Most people recognize biodiversity by species—a group of individual living organisms that can interbreed. Examples of species include blue whales, white-tailed deer, white pine trees, sunflowers, and microscopic bacteria that can’t even be seen by the naked eye.
What is diversity in biology class 11?
Diversity in the living world class 11 is the first unit in biology syllabus. It is an important chapter weightage wise. In this chapter, you will learn about the diverse living organisms that inhabit the Earth from Taxonomy perspective. … Organisms have evolved to adapt to their changing environments.
What is diversity in science definition?
Species diversity refers to the number of different species in an ecosystem or on Earth as a whole. This is the commonest way to measure biodiversity. Current estimates for Earth’s total number of living species range from 5 to 30 million species.
What is biodiversity explain the value of biodiversity?
Value of biodiversity: Biodiversity provides a variety of environmental services from its species and ecosystems that are essential at the global, regional and local levels. … For the agricultural scientist, the biodiversity is the basis for developing better crops.
Which of these can be used to define biodiversity?
Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems.
How do you define biodiversity found in your area?
Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans.
What is biodiversity and discuss on the types of biodiversity?
Biodiversity includes three main types: diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity) and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity).