Freshwater ecosystems also provide several regulating services, like groundwater recharge, flood regulation, microclimate regulation, carbon sequestration, water quality control (Bullock and Acreman 2003; Aldous et al. 2011; Tomscha et al.
Is fresh water an ecosystem service?
7.1 Human Well-being and Fresh Water
However, fresh water and the hydrological cycle also sustain inland water ecosystems, including rivers, lakes, and wetlands.
Why is freshwater considered an economic service?
Freshwater ecosystems provide major ecosystem and economic services, and they are irreplaceable reservoirs of biodiversity. Climate moderation, nutrient cycling, waste treatment, flood control, groundwater recharge, habitats for many species, genetic resources and biodiversity, scientific information.
What is an example of an ecosystem service provided by a freshwater ecosystem?
Freshwater ecosystems also provide regulating services such as carbon sequestration, flood control, and cultural services such as recreational fishing, swimming, or aesthetic enjoyment of the open wa- ter.
What is considered a freshwater ecosystem?
Freshwater is a precious resource on the Earth’s surface. The habitats that freshwater ecosystems provide consist of lakes, rivers, ponds, wetlands, streams, and springs. …
What is the importance of freshwater?
Freshwater is vital for life, supporting ecosystems and human civilizations. We use freshwater in many aspects of daily life including food production, power generation, manufacturing, and sanitation.
What ecosystem services are provided by freshwater wetlands?
What Services do Wetlands Provide?
- Habitat and Biodiversity. Nature Tourism. …
- Recreation. Hunting and Fishing Revenues.
- Nutrient Regulation. Reduced Water Purification Costs.
- Soil and Sediment Regulation. …
- Disturbance & Natural Hazard Regulation. …
- Cultural Values and Aesthetics.
- Water Supply. …
- Food Production.
What major ecological and economic services are provided by freshwater systems?
What major ecological and economic services do fresh-water systems provide? Economic- Food, drinking water, irrigation water, and hydroelectricity.
What are the basic freshwater ecosystem functioning?
Healthy freshwater ecosystems – rivers, lakes, floodplains, wetlands and estuaries – provide clean water, food, fibre, energy and many other benefits that support economies and livelihoods around the world. They are essential to human health and well-being.