As the air expands from heat, it rises to where the air pressure is less. As it rises, it can expand and it begins to cool. Because of this, high altitude air is cold. This causes an alpine climate.
How does altitude affect climate?
Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude. 4. … This means that coastal locations tend to be cooler in summer and warmer in winter than places inland at the same latitude and altitude.
How does altitude affect weather for kids?
Altitude and Mountain Ranges
Collisions between molecules give off heat, which warms the air. At higher altitudes, the air is less dense and air molecules are more spread out and less likely to collide. … rainshadow effect, which brings warm, dry climate to the leeward side of a mountain range (Figure below).
How do you explain altitude to a child?
Altitude is how high something is compared to the ground, or sea level, and it’s important because of how it can affect people. Imagine the air around you and above you. The atmosphere (the air around the earth) pushes down on the earth.
What are 3 effects of being at altitude?
Many people who ascend to moderate or high altitudes experience the effects of acute altitude sickness. Symptoms of this sickness typically begin 6-48 hours after the altitude exposure begins, and include headache, nausea, lethargy, dizziness and disturbed sleep.
How does low altitude affect climate?
As you increase in elevation, there is less air above you thus the pressure decreases. As the pressure decreases, air molecules spread out further (i.e. air expands), and the temperature decreases. … The temperature in the troposphere — the lowest layer of the earth’s atmosphere — generally decreases with altitude.
How altitude affects India’s climate?
Altitude: As we move from the surface of the earth to the higher altitudes, the temperature decreases. … Thus, it influences the temperature accordingly. Distance from the sea: Coastal regions are cooler as compared to interior regions.
How do mountains affect the climate of a region?
Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.
How do winds affect climate?
Wind carries moisture into an atmosphere, as well as hot or cold air into a climate which affects weather patterns. Therefore, a change in wind results in a change of weather. … Topography refers to the earth’s landscape, and variations in the landscape such as mountains would impact wind direction.
How does altitude affect climate patterns in a region?
The altitude affects the climate because the higher the altitude, the cooler and harsher the climate. Also, if the latitude is to 0 degrees, the hotter the temperature and the more humidity in the atmosphere.
What is high altitude for kids?
Although there are no conclusive scientific data on the matter with young children, it is generally recommended not to ascend to a sleeping altitude of higher than 3,000 to 4,000 m with a preschool child, and to prefer a sleeping altitude of <2,500m.
What is the importance of altitude?
Air expands as it rises, and the fewer gas molecules—including nitrogen, oxygen, and carbon dioxide—have fewer chances to bump into each other. The human body reacts to high altitudes. Decreased air pressure means that less oxygen is available for breathing.
How does altitude affect air pressure for kids?
Altitude: The higher you are above sea level, the less dense the air is. As less dense air weighs less, it produces lower air pressure, which is why it can be difficult to breathe on top of a tall mountain. … Moisture: The amount of moisture in the air also affects the density of the air and, therefore, the air pressure.