What affects the climate in each zone?
A region’s elevation, proximity to the ocean or freshwater, and land-use patterns can all impact climate. All climates are the product of many factors, including latitude, elevation, topography, distance from the ocean, and location on a continent.
How is climate change affecting climate zones?
Higher temperatures are also expected to cause a shift in the geographical distribution of climate zones. These changes will impact the distribution and abundance of many plant and animal species, which are already under pressure from habitat loss and pollution.
Why do each zone have different climate?
Because the Earth is a sphere, the sun’s rays reach the earth’s surface in polar regions at a much more slanted angle than at equator. … So the extra energy at the Equator needs to be spread across the planet and it’s this that creates different climate zones across the world.
What are climatic zones How are they different?
Climate zones are areas with distinct climates, which occur in east-west direction around the Earth, and can be classified using different climatic parametres. Generally, climate zones are belt-shaped and circular around the Poles (see picture on the right).
What are climate zones?
The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar.
How is climate different from weather?
Weather refers to short term atmospheric conditions while climate is the weather of a specific region averaged over a long period of time. Climate change refers to long-term changes.
How the climate of a region is affected by altitude?
Temperature decreases with increasing height above sea level. This makes the higher areas to have lower temperatures than the lower areas. A rise in altitude causes a fall in temperature and a cooling effect which causes condensation.
Which regions are most affected by climate change?
The Arctic, Africa, small islands and Asian megadeltas and Australia are regions that are likely to be especially affected by future climate change. Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents to climate variability and change because of multiple existing stresses and low adaptive capacity.
Why does climate vary from region to region?
Climate varies from region to region. This variation is driven by the uneven distribution of solar heating, the individual responses of the atmosphere, oceans and land surface, the interactions be- tween these, and the physical characteristics of the regions.
What are the different climate zones and their characteristics?
The Earth’s surface can be divided into three major regional zones based on the three global convection cells that control average rainfall and average temperatures. The edges of the zones fall roughly along lines of latitude. The three zones are the tropical zone, the temperate zone and the polar zone.
What are general climate zones distinct?
The main zones are: arctic, temperate, subtropical and tropical. There will of course be large local variations at times, so the strict geographic division is more of a guideline than a fixed rule. In addition to the main zones, we also have several minor zones, like the Mediterranean climate.
How does climate affect and shape ecosystems?
Climatic conditions help to shape various ecosystems and habitats around the globe. A particular climate can be a boon to one species and a devastation to another. As the climate changes, species and ecosystems respond by adapting, migrating, or reducing their population.