The focus has been on the fact that many of India’s species ( both animal and plant) are under threat. According to the BBC, India has 929 threatened species – with a large increase in the past few years. This also means that India is number 7 on the global ‘shame list’ when it comes to biodiversity preservation.
What are the major threats to the biodiversity of India?
6 Main Threats to Biodiversity – Explained!
- Human Activities and Loss of Habitat: …
- Deforestation: …
- Desertification: …
- Marine Environment: …
- Increasing Wildlife Trade: …
- Climate Change:
Is India rich in biodiversity?
India displays significant biodiversity. One of seventeen megadiverse countries, it is home to 7.6% of all mammalian, 12.6% of all avian, 6.2% of all reptilian, 4.4% of all amphibian, 11.7% of all fish, and 6.0% of all flowering plant species.
What poses threat to Indian biodiversity?
Important direct drivers affecting biodiversity are habitat alteration, climate change, invasive species, overexploitation of bioresources and pollution.
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
What are the 5 main threats to biodiversity?
What are the main threats to biodiversity?
- Changes to how we use the land and waters. Both our lands and our seas contain many different ecosystems, and these are affected by business actions. …
- Overexploitation and unsustainable use. …
- Climate change. …
- Increased pollution. …
- Invasive species.
Why is biodiversity under threat?
The core threats to biodiversity are human population growth and unsustainable resource use. To date, the most significant causes of extinctions are habitat loss, introduction of exotic species, and overharvesting. Climate change is predicted to be a significant cause of extinctions in the coming century.
How is Indian biodiversity unique in the world?
India has tremendous biodiversity, genetic as well as of species and ecosystems. It contains over 7 per cent of the world’s biodiversity on 2.5 per cent of the Earth’s surface. … Among amphibians found in India, 62% are unique to this country. Among lizards, of the 153 species recorded, 50% are endemic.
Which country has the best biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why India is called biodiversity?
India is called a mega diversity center because of the large number and the variety of organisms are found in this country. … These ecosystems are populated by organisms which are endemic to the Indian subcontinent such as the Asiatic lion, the Kashmir stag, the Black buck, etc.
What is the main threat to biodiversity?
Five main threats to biodiversity are commonly recognized in the programmes of work of the Convention: invasive alien species, climate change, nutrient loading and pollution, habitat change, and overexploitation.
What are the biggest threats to biodiversity?
Climate change was ranked as a 6% risk to Earth’s biodiversity. WWF’s Living Planet Report 2020 has ranked the biggest threats to Earth’s biodiversity. The list includes climate change, changes in land and sea use and pollution. The WWF used data from over 4,000 different species.
What is the biggest threat to the loss of biodiversity?
Habitat loss from exploitation of resources, agricultural conversion, and urbanization is the largest factor contributing to the loss of biodiversity. The consequent fragmentation of habitat results in small isolated patches of land that cannot maintain populations of species into the future.