For example, the now-extinct Dodo bird was endemic to Mauritius, a small island in the Indian Ocean. One example of a hotspot is the Irano-Anatolian region, which forms the boundary between the ecosystems of the Mediterranean Sea and the plateaus of Western Asia and includes 2,500 endemic plants.
What are biodiversity hotspots give an example?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.
What are biodiversity hotspots?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Some of these hotspots support up to 15,000 endemic plant species and some have lost up to 95% of their natural habitat.
What are biodiversity hot spots give any two examples for the same?
The Western Ghats and Sri Lanka. The Eastern Himalayas. Indo-Burma. Sundaland.
What are biodiversity hotspots give examples Class 12?
Biodiversity hotspots are the regions with very high levels of species richness and high degree of endemism. Three hotspots – Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma and Himalaya – cover high biodiversity regions.
What is biodiversity example?
It is the biodiversity at the most basic level. It includes all the species ranging from plants to different microorganisms. No two individuals of the same species are exactly similar. For example, humans show a lot of diversity among themselves.
What is biodiversity hotspot Class 10?
The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.
What are some examples of hotspots?
Examples include the Hawaii, Iceland and Yellowstone hotspots. A hotspot’s position on the Earth’s surface is independent of tectonic plate boundaries, and so hotspots may create a chain of volcanoes as the plates move above them.
What are hot spots explain the spots of India?
A hotspot is an area which faces serious threat from human activities and supports a unique biodiversity (endemic, threatened, rare species) with representatives of evolutionary of speciation and extinction. The concept of biodiversity was given by Norman Myers (1988).
What is biodiversity hotspot in India?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
What is biodiversity hotspot Upsc?
Biodiversity hotspots are regions with high species richness and a high degree of endemism. The British biologist Norman Myers coined the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988 as a biogeographic region characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and by serious levels of habitat loss.
What biodiversity means?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
Where are biodiversity hotspots?
Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.
What is biodiversity class 12?
Biodiversity can be defined as the occurrence of different types of genes, gene pools, species, habitats and ecosystem in a given region.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in India Class 12?
Additional information: India has 4 biodiversity hotspots: The Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundarland and it also includes the Nicobar group of Islands. These hotspots have lots of endemic species.
What is hotspot short answer?
Hotspot: A hotspot is a physical location where people can access the Internet, typically using Wi-Fi, via a wireless local area network (WLAN) with a router connected to an Internet service provider. … While many public hotspots offer free wireless access on an open network, others require payment.