What are hotspots of biodiversity and their salient features?

To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot, a region must meet two strict criteria: It must have at least 1,500 vascular plants as endemics — which is to say, it must have a high percentage of plant life found nowhere else on the planet. A hotspot, in other words, is irreplaceable.

What are hotspots of biodiversity which are the hotspots found in India discuss their salient features?

Some of these biodiversity hotspots are present in India which includes:

  • The Western Ghats. These hills are present along the western edge of peninsular India. …
  • The Himalayas. This region comprises Bhutan, Northeast India, and Southern, Central and Eastern Nepal. …
  • Indo-Burma Region. …
  • Sundaland.

What do you mean by hot spots of biodiversity?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.

What are the 3 biodiversity hotspots?

Here’s a look at 6 biodiversity hotspots of India

  • Indo-Burma region. …
  • Western Ghats. …
  • Sundaland. …
  • Sunderbans.
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What are the salient features of biodiversity?

The salient features of the Biological Diversity Act are as follows.

  • Regulation of access to biological resources of the country.
  • Conservation and sustainability of biological diversity.
  • Protecting the knowledge of local communities regarding biodiversity.

What are hotspots of biodiversity class 12?

Class 12 Biology: A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region that has a significant pool of biodiversity but at the same time it is also threatened with destruction. The British biologist Norman Myers gave the term “biodiversity hotspot” in 1988.

What are biodiversity hotspots 10?

The Biodiversity Hotspot is a biogeographical area that is both a major source of biodiversity and is threatened with destruction. In general, the word biodiversity hotspot relates to 25 high biodiversity areas of the planet that have lost at least 70% of their original habitat.

What are hot spots and explain the spots of India?

India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.

Where are biodiversity hotspots?

Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know

  • The Caribbean Islands. …
  • The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
  • Southeast Asia. …
  • The Philippines. …
  • The Horn of Africa. …
  • Madagascar. …
  • The California Coast.

What are biodiversity hotspots give one example?

A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.

How many biodiversity hotspots are there?

There are 36 biodiversity hotspots on our planet, and these areas are dazzling, unique, and full of life. Plants, animals, and other living organisms that populate these places are rare and many of them are only found in these specific geographic areas.

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What is the hot spot?

Mobile WiFi hotspots

Did you know that you can use your iPhone or many Android smartphones as a WiFi hotspot? By turning on this feature, your phone uses its cellular data to create a WiFi hotspot. You can then connect a computer or other device to this hotspot to access the internet.