The major effect of a blanket of vegetation is to moderate most daily climatic changes, such as changes in temperature, humidity, and wind. (However, plants generate daily variations in concentrations of oxygen and carbon dioxide through their photosynthetic and respiratory activities.)
How does climate affect the natural vegetation of India?
The Climate of the Region
Temperature and humidity determine the character and extent of vegetation. The precipitation and soil also play a major role in determining the degree of vegetation. Therefore, various places in India have various vegetation patterns. Photoperiod also affects the vegetation of a place.
What is the climate of natural vegetation?
The growth of natural vegetation depends upon climatic conditions existing in the place. For example, evergreen forests grow in the regions which experience heavy rainfall. … Similarly, at higher altitudes, where the climate is extremely cold, lichens and mosses grow.
How does climate affect vegetation and animals?
Climate change also alters the life cycles of plants and animals. For example, as temperatures get warmer, many plants are starting to grow and bloom earlier in the spring and survive longer into the fall. Some animals are waking from hibernation sooner or migrating at different times, too.
How does climate affect the natural vegetation of a place name the other factors that influence the type of vegetation?
The plant community in an area is the most sensitive indicator of climate. … The climatic factors include rainfall and water, light, temperature, relativehumidity, air, and wind. They are abiotic components, includingtopography and soil, of theenvironmental factors that influence plant growth and development.
How does climate affect soil and vegetation?
While weather is a short-term part of climate, certain weather cycles can still affect soil. For example, soil can be dried out and rearranged during droughty or windy weather. As the soil is dried out, plant growth is reduced, which reduces the stability of the surface layer and allows more erosion.
How does climate change affect the growth of a forest?
Climate change could alter the frequency and intensity of forest disturbances such as insect outbreaks, invasive species, wildfires, and storms. These disturbances can reduce forest productivity and change the distribution of tree species. … In other cases, existing species may shift their range or die out.
What are the main causes for the degradation of natural vegetation?
Destruction of natural vegetation is primarily caused by deforestation. Other major causes are wildfire and overexploitation. Deforestation not only occurs as a result of firewood extraction by the local population but also as a result of the creation of arable as well as pastoral land.
How does climate affect what plants and trees can be grown?
Climate change affects a number of variables that determine how much plants can grow. … At the same time, extreme temperatures, a decrease in water availability and changes to soil conditions will actually make it more difficult for plants to thrive. Overall, climate change is expected to stunt plant growth.