What are the four broad categories of ecosystem services?

The Millennium Ecosystem Assessment (MA), a major UN-sponsored effort to analyze the impact of human actions on ecosystems and human well-being, identified four major categories of ecosystem services: provisioning, regulating, cultural and supporting services.

What are the 4 ecosystem services quizlet?

The important benefits for humans and wildlife that are provided by healthy functioning ecosystems and are based in the four categories of provisioning, regulating, cultural, and supporting services.

What are the broad categories of ecosystems?

There are three broad categories of ecosystems based on their general environment: freshwater, ocean water, and terrestrial.

What are 4 ecosystem services provided by forests?

Forests and grasslands provide a wide range of ecosystem services. In addition to providing food, fuel and fiber, forests clean the air, filter water supplies, control floods and erosion, sustain biodiversity and genetic resources, and provide opportunities for recreation, education, and cultural enrichment.

What are the 4 services that ecosystems do for us?

There, ecosystem services are grouped into four broad categories: provisioning, such as the production of food and water; regulating, such as the control of climate and disease; supporting, such as nutrient cycles and oxygen production; and cultural, such as spiritual and recreational benefits.

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What are the three main categories of ecosystem services?

More About Ecosystem Services

  • Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
  • Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
  • Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.

What are the four marine ecosystems and how are they classified?

Although there is some disagreement, several types of marine ecosystems are largely agreed on: estuaries, salt marshes, mangrove forests, coral reefs, the open ocean, and the deep-sea ocean. An estuary is a coastal zone where oceans meets rivers.

How many types of species are there in an ecosystem?

It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. Biodiversity refers to every living thing, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. Scientists have estimated that there are around 8.7 million species of plants and animals in existence.

What are ecosystem and types of ecosystem?

The major types of ecosystems are forests, grasslands, deserts, tundra, freshwater and marine. The word “biome” may also be used to describe terrestrial ecosystems which extend across a large geographic area, such as tundra.

What are the 5 categories of ecosystem services?

Terms in this set (5)

  • Provisions. Good produced by ecosystems that humans can use directly.
  • Regulating services. Help regulate environmental conditions i.e. amount of carbon dioxide in air.
  • Support services. Support sources that would be costly for humans i.e. pollination of plants.
  • Resilience. …
  • Cultural services.

What are ecosystem services in the Philippines?

The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services. It provides food, water, energy sources, pharmaceuticals, biomass fuels, carbon sequestration and climate regulation, crop pollination, cultural and spiritual inspiration and ecotourism value.

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What are the ecosystem services provided by forests?

The benefits provided by forest ecosystems include:

  • goods such as timber, food, fuel and bioproducts.
  • ecological functions such as carbon storage, nutrient cycling, water and air purification, and maintenance of wildlife habitat.
  • social and cultural benefits such as recreation, traditional resource uses and spirituality.

What are the 4 ecosystems?

The four ecosystem types are classifications known as artificial, terrestrial, lentic and lotic. Ecosystems are parts of biomes, which are climatic systems of life and organisms. In the biome’s ecosystems, there are living and nonliving environmental factors known as biotic and abiotic.

What are the 4 major ecosystem processes?

The 4 fundamental ecosystem processes. A brief introduction to the basic ecosystem processes: water cycle, mineral cycle, solar energy flow, and community dynamics (succession).

What are the 4 types of biodiversity?

Four Types of Biodiversity

  • Species Diversity. Every ecosystem contains a unique collection of species, all interacting with each other. …
  • Genetic Diversity. Genetic diversity describes how closely related the members of one species are in a given ecosystem. …
  • Ecosystem Diversity. …
  • Functional Diversity.