The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What are the 5 climate zones in Africa?
These are the hot desert, semiarid, tropical wet-and-dry, equatorial (tropical wet), Mediterranean, humid subtropical marine, warm temperate upland, and mountain regions.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
What are the three main zones of Africa?
The United Nations’ Geoscheme divides the continent into 5 distinct subregions, Northern Africa, West Africa, Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa. Northern Africa is the largest of the subregions by land area, while Southern Africa is the smallest.
What climate is it in Africa?
Africa, with the equator cutting across its center, is the world’s most tropical continent. Only its northern edge and southern tip are outside the tropics. … The center of the continent has a wet tropical climate, with extremely heavy rainfall. To the north and south are belts of tropical climate with a dry season.
How many zones are in Africa?
The five region according to the United Nations geoscheme for Africa. The five regions of the African Union. The five regions of the Confederation of African Football.
|Subregion||Country / Territory|
|Southern Africa||South Africa|
What is the most northern climate zone in Africa?
Nights can be cool, sometimes even cold: lows can drop to around freezing (0 °C or 32 °F) in the far north. The northernmost area belongs to the climate zone called Sahel, while more to the south, we find the savannah zone.
What are the 3 climate zones of West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
Does Africa have 4 seasons?
Many people think Africa is hot year-round, however spanning two hemispheres, Africa is a continent of extremes. Instead of Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring, most countries in East Africa and Southern Africa have a wet season(s) and a dry season. …
What are the climate zones?
The Earth has three main climate zones: tropical, temperate, and polar.
What is Africa geographically?
Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. … Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
What climate zone is West Africa?
The Köppen-Geiger climate zones of West Africa (Kottek et al., 2006), which occur in latitudinal strata as shown in Figure 1 are:-the equatorial monsoon zone, equatorial winter zone, 5 arid steppe zone and arid desert zone.
Is Africa in the west or east?
The continent is bounded on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the north by the Mediterranean Sea, on the east by the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, and on the south by the mingling waters of the Atlantic and Indian oceans. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.