What does biodiversity increase as you move toward the equator?

Species diversity is higher at the equator than at the poles. In biological terms, this is referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient (LDG), in which the number of species increases from the poles to the Equator. This ranks among the broadest and most notable biodiversity patterns on Earth.

Why does biodiversity increase as you get closer to the equator?

There might be more biodiversity near the equator because it’s warmer year round, allowing organisms to continue growing. Locations away from the equator will have cold winters that will slow growth for microorganisms, plants and animals.

How does biodiversity change as you move away from the equator?

“Species diversity decreases as we move away from the equator towards the poles. … This results in decrease in biodiversity towards the poles.

What increases if biodiversity increases?

Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.

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Why does biodiversity increase towards the tropics?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Why species diversity increases as you move geographically from the polar regions to the equator?

Why does species diversity increase as you move geographically from the polar regions to the equator? The warmer climate around the equator provides a greater abundance of resources, more solar energy, and warmer temperatures that allow for longer growing seasons and more ectothermic species.

Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?

Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.

What happens as we move away from the equator?

Latitude: Temperature range increases with distance from the equator. Also, temperatures decrease as you move away from the equator. This is because the suns rays are dispersed over a larger area of land as you move away from the equator. This is due to the curved surface of the earth.

Does biodiversity decrease near the equator?

This idea is also referred to as the latitudinal diversity gradient, meaning that as you move from the equator towards the poles, diversity lessens. … That the are is relatively stable in terms of environment when compared to polar regions has also been suggested as a reason for increased biodiversity at the equator.

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What are the benefits of biodiversity?

A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services

  • Protection of water resources.
  • Soils formation and protection.
  • Nutrient storage and recycling.
  • Pollution breakdown and absorption.
  • Contribution to climate stability.
  • Maintenance of ecosystems.
  • Recovery from unpredictable events.

What is biodiversity increase?

As a general rule, increasing biodiversity can be achieved by diversifying the range of habitats or vegetation structures available at a site. This can be achieved by, for example, varying mowing regimes, planting or seeding with native tree and shrub species, or occasional soil disturbance.

Where does biodiversity increase?

Generally, there is an increase in biodiversity from the poles to the tropics. Thus localities at lower latitudes have more species than localities at higher latitudes. This is often referred to as the latitudinal gradient in species diversity.

How does biodiversity increase stability of an ecosystem?

Increased alpha diversity (the number of species present) generally leads to greater stability, meaning an ecosystem that has a greater number of species is more likely to withstand a disturbance than an ecosystem of the same size with a lower number of species.