What is environmental impact assessment and why do we need it?

Essentially, an EIA is designed to identify the potential risks of a project (e.g., infrastructure development such as a dam) to environmental and human well-being and identify measures to eliminate and/or mitigate these risks. This can be done by replacing and/or modifying planned activities to reduce impacts.

Why do we need environmental impact assessment?

i) To disclose significant environmental effects of proposed projects to decision-makers and the public. ii) To identify ways to avoid or reduce environmental damage. iii) To prevent adverse environmental impacts by requiring implementation of feasible alternatives or mitigation measures.

What is the main objective of environmental impact assessment?

The objective of EIA is (i) to identify, predict and evaluate the economic, environmental and social impact of development activities (ii) to provide information on the environmental consequences for decision making and (iii) to promote environmentally sound and sustainable development through the identification of …

What is environmental impact assessment?

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a process of evaluating the likely environmental impacts of a proposed project or development, taking into account inter-related socio-economic, cultural and human-health impacts, both beneficial and adverse.

Why is environmental impact assessment necessary in todays time?

Importance of EIA

EIA provides a cost effective method to eliminate or minimize the adverse impact of developmental projects. EIA enables the decision makers to analyse the effect of developmental activities on the environment well before the developmental project is implemented.

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What are the main steps of environmental impact assessment?

EIA: 7 Steps

  • Scoping. Establish the boundaries of the EIA, set the basis of the analyses that will be conducted at each stage, describe the project alternatives and consult the affected public. …
  • Impact Assessment & Mitigation. …
  • Impact Management. …
  • The EIA Report. …
  • Review & Licensing. …
  • Monitoring.

What is environmental impact assessment Philippines?

THE PRESENT SYSTEM The Philippine Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) System was formally established in 1978 with the enactment of Presidential Decree no. … Projects with potentially significant environmental impacts were categorized either as environmentally critical or located in environmentally critical areas.