What makes Philippine Biodiversity unique?

The Philippines is also one of the world’s biodiversity hotspots with at least 700 threatened species, thus making it one of the top global conservation areas. … This unique biodiversity is supported by a large variety of ecosystems, landscapes and habitats, most of which are also greatly threatened by human activities.

Why the Philippines has the greatest biodiversity in the world?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism.

What is unique about the biodiversity?

Biodiversity is a term used to describe the enormous variety of life on Earth. It can be used more specifically to refer to all of the species in one region or ecosystem. … Over generations, all of the species that are currently alive today have evolved unique traits that make them distinct from other species.

What makes Philippines a biodiversity hotspot?

Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot

It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.

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What happened Philippines biodiversity?

The Philippines has already lost almost 93% of its original forest cover since 1990s. Similarly, the marine biodiversity and inland water biodiversity are deteriorating which is evident in the decreasing quality of water and fish in Laguna de Bay, the Philippine largest lake.

How does biodiversity differ from Philippines biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.

Why does the Philippines harbor such diversity?

Why do the Philippines harbor such diversity? The answer lies in the islands’ geology. … On larger islands mountain peaks separated by swaths of lowlands further isolated species, preventing interbreeding and gene flow between populations.

In what ways is biodiversity valuable?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.

What is biodiversity and why does it matter?

The biodiversity of plants, animals and other living things greatly impacts a habitat’s ability to thrive. Typically, the more variety found in the habitat, the better productivity within that habitat, or ecosystem. And thriving ecosystems are very important to us as humans.

What is biodiversity in your own words?

Biodiversity is the shortened form of two words “biological” and “diversity”. It refers to all the variety of life that can be found on Earth (plants, animals, fungi and micro-organisms) as well as to the communities that they form and the habitats in which they live.

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Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?

The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.

What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?

As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.

How diverse is the Philippines?

The Philippines is the tenth most linguistically diverse country in the world (Nolasco 2007). … According to the National Commission for Culture and Arts, there are 52 major ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines and 144 languages or dialects.