What type of environmental factors do the oceans control?

Ocean currents act much like a conveyor belt, transporting warm water and precipitation from the equator toward the poles and cold water from the poles back to the tropics. Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.

How does the ocean impact the environment?

The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …

What are 3 ways in which the ocean is affected by climate change?

This causes changes in water temperature, ocean acidification and deoxygenation, leading to changes in oceanic circulation and chemistry, rising sea levels, increased storm intensity, as well as changes in the diversity and abundance of marine species.

What causes ocean warming?

The ocean absorbs vast quantities of heat as a result of increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, mainly from fossil fuel consumption. … This is causing ocean temperatures to rise.

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How the ocean regulates Earth’s temperature?

The ocean influences weather and climate by storing solar radiation, distributing heat and moisture around the globe, and driving weather systems. … Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds.

What pollution is in the ocean?

Marine pollution is a growing problem in today’s world. Our ocean is being flooded with two main types of pollution: chemicals and trash. Chemical contamination, or nutrient pollution, is concerning for health, environmental, and economic reasons.

How does ocean pollution affect climate change?

The same greenhouse gases causing climate change are also having disastrous effects on the ocean. Our oceans are absorbing carbon dioxide, rapidly causing them to become more acidic.

How does the warming of ocean affect the adaptation patterns of marine life?

Changes in water temperature can affect the environments where fish, shellfish, and other marine species live. As climate change causes the oceans to become warmer year-round, populations of some species may adapt by shifting toward cooler areas. … At the same time, these 105 species moved an average of 18 feet deeper.

What are the two factors that affect the density of ocean water?

There are two main factors that make ocean water more or less dense: temperature and salinity. Cold, salty water is denser than warm, fresher water and will sink below the less dense layer. Density is defined as the measure of a material’s mass (e.g. grams) divided by its volume (e.g. milliliters).

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How does the ocean soak up CO2?

Explanation: The ocean can absorb carbon dioxide ( CO2 ) in 2 ways: diffusion from the atmosphere and through photosynthesis in plankton and algae. … The CO2 moves from the air to the water, when the atmospheric pressure of CO2 is higher. The CO2 is dissolved in the ocean because it is soluble.

What causes ocean water near the equator to be warmer?

Areas near the equator receive more direct solar radiation than areas near the poles. However, these areas do not constantly get warmer and warmer, because the ocean currents and winds transport the heat from the lower latitudes near the equator to higher latitudes near the poles.