Warm, sunny sites are best for most wildlife, so try and make sure your pond as an open view to the south side. You should avoid automatically placing your pond in the wet or damp, as there may be a thriving home for wildlife there already.
Should wildlife ponds be sun or shade?
Shade over part of the pond helps reduce problems with algae and is tolerated by many pond plants and animals. However, ponds with too much shade are not good for wildlife so ensure at least part of the pond is in full sun.
Where should you not put a pond?
It’s generally advisable to build a pond in a sunny spot. You can, however, site a pond in an area that is in shade for part of the day, or sits in dappled shade. It’s not a good idea to put a pond in a very shady area, as it will become stagnant – the plants that supply oxygen to the water will need some sunlight.
Pond substrates – Use sand and washed gravel, to provide a substrate for planting into, and places for creatures like dragonfly larvae to burrow into. Let wildlife come to your pond naturally You don’t need to add sludge, from another pond, to your pond to ‘get it started’.
Plastic lining materials including polythene and PVC are not as strong or as long-lasting as butyl. Butyl rubber liners are available from pond-equipment suppliers. Remove any stones or other sharp objects from the bottom and sides of the hole, and cover with a 2cm-layer of sand, old carpet, wet cardboard or newspaper.
Where do you place a small wildlife pond?
A wildlife pond should be at least 60cm at its deepest point, with planting shelves around the sides at 20-30cm depth, and a slope to a beach at the front, so hedgehogs or other small creatures can get out if they fall in.
Can you have a raised wildlife pond?
Flying insects may be able to access raised ponds but for everything else they provide a massive barrier to any wildlife wanting to get in or out of the pond. If you have to go raised, make a large area of rocks and wood both in and out of the pond to allow wildlife to access the water easily and safely.
How far away should a pond be from a house?
Even if you’re not working with any specific guidelines from your zoning department or permit office, consider leaving a barrier of at least 50 to 100 feet between your home and a small pond.
Should you clean a wildlife pond?
They’re easily managed if thinned out regularly, however it’s best not to clear more than a third in any one year and, as with floating weeds, it’s a good idea to leave plants by the side of the pond to allow the little beasties which live there to escape to the remaining foliage.
How long does it take for a wildlife pond to establish?
“Plant it with native plants found close to home to make sure you’re providing the best natural habitat for local species, and within a year or two you’ll have an established wildlife pond.
Do you need gravel in a wildlife pond?
Since wildlife ponds are not generally cleaned on a regular basis, covering the bottom with rocks or gravel is perfectly fine. … If larger animals like raccoons or deer climb into the water or dig around in it, a layer of gravel will keep them from accidentally damaging the liner.
How deep should a small wildlife pond be?
A depth of 20-60cm (8in-2ft) varied across the pond will suit the majority of pond flora and fauna. But don’t despair if you only have a small space: even a mini pond in a pot will provide a habitat and water source for garden wildlife.
How do I attract wildlife to my pond?
To attract the widest range of wildlife, create areas of shallow water (around 2-3cm deep), which are essential for the lifecycles of frogs, dragonflies and water beetles, and will also make it easier for creatures like hedgehogs and birds to bathe.
How do you keep a wildlife pond clean?
Wildlife Pond Maintenance (Clean Without Harming Eco-Systems)
- 1.2.1 1) Cut Back & Maintain Vegetation Each Season.
- 1.2.2 2) Plant A Variety of Plants for Different Wildlife.
- 1.2.3 3) Control Algae Growth & Blooms.
- 1.2.4 4) Reduce Bottom Sediment (when critical)
- 1.2.5 5) Create Additional Shade (in extreme weather)