While the Amazon is perhaps the most obvious biodiversity hotspot, the rest of Latin America, from the jagged mountains of Patagonia, or the grasslands of the Chihuahuan Desert, to the Mesoamerican coral reef replete with fish and marine species, is extremely important for global biodiversity.
Which is an ecological hotspot?
Ecological hotspots are areas with outstanding biodiversity or a high concentration of biological values. These values can refer to threatened or endemic species, unique ecosystems, or globally important numbers of a particular species.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in South America?
In fact, South America has five biodiversity hotspots located outside the Amazon rainforest region. A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with a great diversity of flora and fauna that is at risk of destruction. South America’s five biodiversity hotspots are highlighted below.
What is the most biodiverse country in South America?
Choose Colombia for its Biodiversity
According to the World Wildlife Fund, Colombia is the number one most diverse country when considering the number of species per square kilometer.
What is the biodiversity of South America?
Latin America and the Caribbean contain about 50% of the world’s biodiversity. Some of the most species-rich biomes on the planet, like tropical forests, wetlands and mangroves, are found there. These critical ecosystems also provide sustainable livelihoods for local people.
Is Sundarban a biodiversity hotspot?
Sunderbans forests, locally known as Badabon, are one of the richest biodiversity hotspots in India. This UNESCO World Heritage site is known for its mangroves, coastal forests that serve as a biological buffer between the land and sea.
How many ecological hotspots are there in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.
What continent is south of South America?
No other continent—except Antarctica—penetrates so far to the south. Although the northern part of South America extends north of the Equator and four-fifths of its landmass is located within the tropics, it also reaches subantarctic latitudes.
What are some examples of biodiversity hotspots?
Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.
What are biodiversity hotspots give one example?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened with destruction. For example forests are considered as biodiversity hotspots.
Which is the most prevalent hotspot of biodiversity in India?
the Western Ghat is one of the most prevalent hotspot biodiversity of India. Explanation: This is because there is large number of forest in the Western Ghat which supports the growth of white number of creatures.
Why is Central America a biodiversity hotspot?
Experts have identified Central America as a biodiversity hotspots because within its borders live 7% of the world’s plant and animal life. Higher numbers of species can be found in the southern countries than in the northern countries.
Which ecosystem has the most biodiversity?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest.