Which of the following factors is the most dominant factor to affect the climate of Nepal?

The major factor that affects the climate of Nepal is an altitude.

What are the causes of climate change in Nepal?

Climate change may be caused by both natural and anthropogenic forcing, but at present time unsustainable anthropogenic activities and enormous greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions are causing erratic climate change. … Lack of adequate fund for adaptation makes Nepal and its people very vulnerable to climate change.

What is the biggest factor that affects climate?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

What are the main factors that affect the climate of a country?

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea.

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Why is Nepal most vulnerable to climate change?

The additional generation capacity needed to meet future demand under this scenario, due to climate change, was estimated at 2800 MW by 2050 with an increase in costs of USD 2.6 billion (present value) for the period through to 2050.

What is Nepal’s effect?

Nepal is highly vulnerable to a number of disasters for example: earthquakes, floods, landslides, fires, epidemics, avalanches, windstorms, hailstorms, lightning, glacier lake outburst floods, droughts and dangerous weather events. Among these disasters—earthquake is the most- scary and damaging.

What are the 3 main factors that affect climate?

3.1 Factors affecting climate

  • distance from the sea.
  • ocean currents.
  • direction of prevailing winds.
  • shape of the land (known as ‘relief’ or ‘topography’)
  • distance from the equator.
  • the El Niño phenomenon.

What are the 4 major factors that influence climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.

What are the 5 factors affecting climate?

LOWERN

  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.

Which is the most important factor in determining the climate of a place?

The two most important factors in the climate of an area are temperature and precipitation. The yearly average temperature of the area is obviously important, but the yearly range in temperature is also important.

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What factor influences the season of the Philippines?

There are two seasons in the country, the wet season and the dry season, based upon the amount of rainfall. This is also dependent on location in the country as some areas experience rain all throughout the year (see Climate types).

What are the factors that influence Climate and weather?

The factors that influence climate are:

  • pressure and wind.
  • ocean currents.
  • mountain barriers.
  • latitude.
  • altitude.
  • land and water distribution [how close to or far from a large body of water]
  • storms.

Is Nepal vulnerable to climate change?

Nepal is highly vulnerable to climate change and has already experienced changes in temperature and precipitation at a faster rate than the global average. … Climate change adaptation is at the center of Nepal’s development plans and policies.

What are the effect of climate change in the economy of Nepal?

Nepal suffers high economic costs due to current climate variability and extremes: the estimated direct cost of these impacts is equivalent to 1.5–2% of current GDP/year and is much higher in extreme years, rising to 5% or more. This is high by international levels.

What type of climate does Nepal have?

In Nepal, there are different climates according to altitude: the sub-tropical climate with a rainy season in the southern flat strip, the temperate climate in the low mountains, and finally, the cold mountain climate in the peaks of the Himalayas.