The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.
Why do tropics have more biodiversity?
– Tropical latitudes produce more solar power than temperate zones, resulting in high productivity and high diversity of biodiversity. – There are fewer seasonal changes in tropical regions and they have a more or less stable climate. This encourages the specialization of the niche and hence the high wealth of animals.
Why tropical rainforest has maximum biodiversity?
Both the plant and animal biodiversity produce a wide array of food as well as fabrics. Complete Answer: Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore, this is the correct option.
Why is there more biodiversity in tropical regions than temperate region?
“There is greater biodiversity in tropical/subtropical regions than in temperate region. … The tropical/subtropical region exhibit maximum biological diversity because these region remain undisturbed due to less variable climatic conditions. So, tropics has a longer evolutionary time for species diversification.
What is tropical biodiversity?
Biodiversity is defined as the variety of all forms of life, from genes to species, through to the broad scale of ecosystems. … The tropics represent a remarkable biodiversity, including plants, birds, insects like especially ants, beetles, butterflies and termites; amphibians, mammals, and other organism groups.
Which ecosystem has more biodiversity?
Species richness is greatest in tropical ecosystems. Tropical rain forests on land and coral reefs in marine systems are among the most biologically diverse ecosystems on Earth and have become the focus of popular attention.
Why is the biodiversity of a tropical rainforest very high quizlet?
Biodiversity is high because the warm and wet consistent climate in tropical rainforests is able to sustain life in all different forms. Soil nutrient is poor in tropical rain forests because the sunlight that is intended to reach the floor of the tropical forest is blocked by the tall and dense trees.
What is the biodiversity like in the tropical rainforest?
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
Why do forests have a high biodiversity?
Forests have high biodiversity because the vertical growing surface and resulting canopy shade creates micro-niches by altering locally available light, heat & moisture. … An opening in the forest canopy creates a micro-niche of light & warmth, creating new growth opportunities for a wider diversity of plants.
Why is there less diversity in temperate region?
What is the reason for this difference? Tropical and temperate areas have seen different rates and timing of habitat loss. The major cause of biodiversity loss in recent times is habitat destruction and degradation. … Temperate areas had already lost over half their broadleaf forests by 1950.
Where would you expect more species diversity in tropics or in temperate regions give reasons in support of your answer?
Tropics have more species biodiversity than that of the polar regions. … ii High productivity : There is more solar energy available in tropics which contributes directly to more productivity population sizes and indirectly to greater species diversity.