North east India harbours primary tropical to alpine forests in its almost undisturbed state due to variability in climate and topography and comparatively lesser disturbance in states like Arunachal Pradesh. The region is also rich in medicinal plants and several rare and endangered taxa [5,22,35,36].
Why northeast India is so rich in biodiversity?
The biodiversity of the Northeast is a genetic treasure of various forms of plants and animals. … Most of the North-Eastern states have more than 60% of their area under forest cover.
Which part of India has highest biodiversity?
Considered the highest in the world, the Himalayas (overall) comprises North-East India, Bhutan, Central and Eastern parts of Nepal.
Endangered Species of India.
|Top 5 Endangered Species of India|
|Endangered Animal Species||Endangered Plant Species|
|The Great Asiatic Lion||Indian Mallow|
Why India has a rich biodiversity?
It has about 15,000 flowering plants and ferns. India is blessed with different types of soils, climatic conditions and physical features and thus, it is suitable for supporting different species of flora and fauna making it a biodiversity hot spot.
What is special about North East India?
Previously known as the Seven Sisters, north-east India became richer with the addition of an eighth, Sikkim in 1975. Before joining India as its 22nd state, Sikkim was a small Himalayan monarchy. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura are the original Seven Sisters.
What makes North East India a conductive place for the growth of flora and fauna?
The North Eastern region in India is best explained as the land of surging Himalayas, lush green valleys, and ecological diversity. The hilly terrain of the North East and its climate is best suited for the growth of rare breed of flora and fauna.
What type of natural vegetation are found in North East India?
Dipterocarpus macrocarpus (Hollong in Assamese) and Mesua ferrea (Nahar in Assamese) are the principal type trees of Assam valley tropical evergreen forests. In the tropical moist deciduous forests, Shorea robusta is the principal species with several associates like Schima wallichii (Makna Sal).
In which forest the highest biodiversity is found?
Option A: The maximum biodiversity is found in tropical rain forests as they are less seasonal, they are neither too hot nor too cold and are more predictable. Therefore, this is the correct option. These kinds of environments help in promoting niche specialization and also leads to greater species diversity.
Which state has the most biodiversity?
The four states with the largest level of biodiversity are California, Hawaii, Alabama, and Texas. California tops the list in both diversity (number of species) and endemism (number of unique species).
Which regions are included in biodiversity hotspots?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
Why is India rich in flora and fauna?
The reason for the rich heritage of flora and fauna in India, is due to varied climatic conditions in India, presence of many rivers, presence of rich and variety of soils. India has varied physiological features like plateau, deserts, coastal areas, islands, mountains.
Why India is called mega biodiversity?
India is considered a mega-diversity hotspot due to the great diversity of organisms found here, ranging from eastern to western ghats to northern and southern India as well. … To be a mega diverse country it needs to have 5000 vascular plants species as endemic to the country.
How can you say that India has a rich biodiversity?
Answer: India has rich heritage of flora and fauna because of the following factors (a) It has a very large geographical area which includes the mountains, the Northern plains, plateaus and also islands. … India is one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world. It has about 47,000 plant species.