The climate of Ethiopia and its dependent territories varies greatly. It is temperate on the plateau and hot in the lowlands. … The Somali Region and the Danakil Depression in the Afar Region have a hot, sunny and dry climate producing fully desert or semi-desert conditions.
In which climatic zone is Ethiopia?
Ethiopia is in the tropical zone laying between the Equator and the Tropic of Cancer. It has three different climate zones according to elevation. Kolla (Tropical zone) – is below 1830 metres in elevation and has an average annual temperature of about 27 degree Celsius with annual rainfall about 510 millimetres.
What is Ethiopia’s major climate controls?
The climate of Ethiopia is therefore mainly controlled by the seasonal migration of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and associated atmospheric circulations as well as by the complex topography of the country.
Is Ethiopia a tropical country?
Ethiopia, country on the Horn of Africa. The country lies completely within the tropical latitudes and is relatively compact, with similar north-south and east-west dimensions. The capital is Addis Ababa (“New Flower”), located almost at the centre of the country.
Does Ethiopia have 4 seasons?
Ethiopia, broadly speaking has three seasons. The short rains season, known as the Belg, runs from February to May. This is then followed by the long rains season, known as the Kiremt, which is between June and mid September.
Is Ethiopia hot or cold?
Eastern Ethiopia is typically warm and dry, while the Northern Highlands are cool and wet in season. If you’re planning on visiting the Omo River Region, be prepared for very hot temperatures.
How many climate zones are there in Ethiopia?
Overall, Ethiopia is considered largely arid, but exhibits a high variability of precipitation Ethiopia’s climate is generally divided into three zones: 1) the alpine vegetated cool zones (Dega) with areas over 2,600 meters above sea level, where temperatures range from near freezing to 16°C; 2) the temperate Woina …
What is climate control in geography?
The factors affecting the climate of a place are referred to as controls and are latitude, altitude, pressure and wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features. Altitude is another factor controlling the climate of a place. Altitude refers to the height a place above sea level.
How does climate change affect Ethiopia?
Ethiopia is vulnerable to many of the effects of climate change, including increases in average temperature and changes in precipitation. … Although diarrhoeal deaths are projected to decline to about 15,500 towards 2070, the proportion of deaths attributable to climate change is projected to rise to approximately 14.1%.
What are the 7 climate controls?
These include latitude, elevation, nearby water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds.
What is the geography and climate like in Ethiopia?
As a result of its position and its varied topography, Ethiopia’s climate varies – broadly speaking – from tropical in the north-eastern lowlands and south-eastern lowlands to temperate and cool in the highlands.
Does Ethiopia have a Mediterranean climate?
Although the hot zone’s average annual daytime temperature is about 27°C, midyear readings in the arid and semiarid areas along the Red Sea coast often soar to 50°C and to more than 40°C in the arid Ogaden. … Their effect on the coastal region, however, is to create a Mediterranean-like climate.
Which geographical factor is more important to the climate of Ethiopia?
Importantly, Ethiopia’s climate varies with elevation (Fig. 3). Elevation is the most important determinant of the average annual temperature of the country with a reduction of 0.5–0.7 °C per 100 m increase in altitude (Liljequist, 1986).