Tropical forests are typically biodiversity hotspots and are usually filled with endemic species. … Figure 2 shows some examples of biodiversity hotspots and some of their endemic animals and plants. Figure 2 – Biodiversity hotspots and some of their endemic species.
Are tropical rainforests biodiversity hotspots?
The first 25 high-priority terrestrial biodiversity hotspots included tropical rainforest areas, tropical dry forest, arid systems, temperate Mediterranean-type ecosystems, savannas, and steppes as well as combinations of these areas.
Are forests called as biodiversity hotspots?
Hint:Forests are the hotspots for biodiversity. They are the main area where plant and animal biodiversity is conserved. Different types of life forms like fungi, bacteria, plants, insects, birds, etc are all found in a forest.
What is called biodiversity hotspot?
A biodiversity hotspot is a biogeographic region with significant levels of biodiversity that is threatened by human habitation. … Biodiversity hotspots host their diverse ecosystems on just 2.4% of the planet’s surface, however, the area defined as hotspots covers a much larger proportion of the land.
Which are biodiversity hotspots?
Officially, four out of the 36 Biodiversity Hotspots in the world are present in India: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland. To these may be added the Sundarbans and the Terrai-Duar Savannah grasslands for their unique foliage and animal species.
What is the biodiversity in the tropical rainforest?
Tropical rainforests are the most biologically diverse terrestrial ecosystems in the world. The Amazon rainforest is the world’s largest tropical rainforest. It is home to around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 bird species, 3,000 types of fish, 427 species of mammals, and 2.5 million different insects.
What is biodiversity hotspot example?
Biodiversity hotspots are regions that are both biologically fertile (rich distribution of plants and animals) and highly threatened. … Examples of biodiversity hotspots are forest habitats as they constantly face destruction and degradation due to illegal logging, pollution and deforestation.
Why are tropical forests considered to be biodiversity hotspots?
Biodiversity hotspots are the regions which possess high levels of species richness, high degree of endemism and no loss to habitats.
Why are forests considered biodiversity hot?
Forests are considered “biodiversity hot spots” because they have very high level of species richness and a high degree of endemism. A person can effectively contribute towards the management of forests and wildlife by: … ii) Avoid discriminate cutting down of forest for the industrial purpose.
What is considered as biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What are the biodiversity hotspots in India?
It hosts four biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and Sundaland (including the Nicobar Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species. Nearly 5% of India’s total area is formally classified under protected areas.
Why Sikkim is called biodiversity hotspot?
Answer: Sikkim is considered as the biodiversity hotspot because there are 5500 flowering plants in Sikkim species only found within this 7096 kilometre square geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996…….. common medicinal plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim in Himalaya.
Which is not a biodiversity hotspot?
Indo-burma — it includes north eastern india. Assam and Andaman islands are exceptions. Sundalands— it includes nicobar islands.