Your question: How do ocean currents influence climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.

How do ocean currents influence climate?

Ocean currents act as conveyer belts of warm and cold water, sending heat toward the polar regions and helping tropical areas cool off, thus influencing both weather and climate. … The ocean doesn’t just store solar radiation; it also helps to distribute heat around the globe.

How does ocean currents influence climate provide three examples?

Ocean currents influence climate because the currents are major redistributors of heat and energy throughout the globe. Warm currents such as the Gulf Stream cause regions that would normally be cold to be warmer. For example, New York is warm for its latitude. … Cold currents also increase the aridity of an area.

How are ocean currents influenced?

The ocean has an interconnected current, or circulation, system powered by wind, tides, the Earth’s rotation (Coriolis effect), the sun (solar energy), and water density differences. The topography and shape of ocean basins and nearby landmasses also influence ocean currents.

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How do ocean currents influence the climate of a place Class 9?

Ocean currents are caused by the uneven heating of the Earth surface. … Warm ocean currents increases the temperature of the near by coastal areas while cold ocean currents bring down the temperature. For example, the warm North Atlantic Drift keeps the temperature of Western Europe warm even during winters.

How do surface currents influence climate?

Surface currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. In general, currents carry warm water from the tropics toward the poles and bring cold water back toward the equator. A surface current warms or cools the air above it, influencing the climate of the land near the coast.

How does ocean currents influence South African climate?

The Agulhas Current transports warm tropical Indian Ocean water southwards along the South African coast. It modulates the rainfall along the east coast and interior regions of South Africa by providing the latent heat of evaporation needed for onshore wind systems to pick up moisture and carry it inland.

Why are ocean currents important in modifying regional climates?

Why are ocean currents important in modifying regional climates? Ocean currents redistribute heat from low latitudes to high latitudes.

What is the effect of these currents on Earth’s temperatures?

The movement of water creates heat. Ocean currents circulate heat away from the equator. Ocean currents have no affect on temperature moderation.

How do ocean currents affect rainfall?

When currents move around land masses, clashing air temperatures can lead to the formation of clouds, fog, and cause precipitation. … This water vapor increases the temperature and humidity of the air, leading to precipitation and storms. In fact, nearly all rain originates from the ocean.

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How does wind currents affect climate?

The dominant air currents that affect climate are known as prevailing winds. … For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.

What causes ocean currents quizlet?

A directional movement of ocean water; surface currents result from steady winds over the ocean surface; deep ocean currents result from density variations due to temperature and salinity differences.