How is biodiversity connected to poverty?
The lack of technical inputs in activities to satisfy the primary desires of poor people places them in a spiral of unsustainability, deteriorating natural resource base and further often uncontrolled exploitation of virgin or marginal lands, adversely affecting natural ecosystems and biodiversity.
Why are poverty and biodiversity loss often connected?
> The poor are therefore most affected when environments are degraded and biodiversity is lost, as this diminishes the quality and quantity of goods and services available to them (richer people can often afford substitutes).
What does loss of biodiversity lead to?
Biodiversity underpins the health of the planet and has a direct impact on all our lives. Put simply, reduced biodiversity means millions of people face a future where food supplies are more vulnerable to pests and disease, and where fresh water is in irregular or short supply.
What are the negative effects of biodiversity loss?
At higher levels of extinction (41 to 60 percent of species), the effects of species loss ranked with those of many other major drivers of environmental change, such as ozone pollution, acid deposition on forests and nutrient pollution.
Does poverty contribute to biodiversity loss?
Decreasing poverty usually coincides with decreasing biodiversity, creating a ‘win-lose’ situation. Overexploitation can lead to a collapse of the system and an increase in poverty with even more loss of biodiversity, and become a ‘lose-lose’ situation.
Which components and attributes of biodiversity are most important to the poor?
In most cases, abundance was the attribute that made biodiversity important for poverty alleviation/well-being, while diversity was the least frequently noted attribute.
How does biodiversity provide for the poor people’s medical needs?
Diets based on a diversity of food species promote health, and can help to protect against disease by addressing the problem of micronutrient and vitamin deficiencies. Loss of agricultural biodiversity can therefore threaten health, livelihood sustainability and our future security of food and nutrition.
What is called poverty?
Poverty is about not having enough money to meet basic needs including food, clothing and shelter. However, poverty is more, much more than just not having enough money. The World Bank Organization describes poverty in this way: … Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time.
What do you know about biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
Why does the loss of biodiversity matter?
Biodiversity includes diversity within species (genetic diversity), between species (species diversity), and between ecosystems (ecosystem diversity). … Biodiversity loss disrupts the functioning of ecosystems, making them more vulnerable to perturbations and less able to supply humans with needed services.
What are the cause and effect of loss of biodiversity?
Biodiversity loss is caused by five primary drivers: habitat loss, invasive species, overexploitation (extreme hunting and fishing pressure), pollution, climate change associated with global warming. In each case, human beings and their activities play direct roles.
Why is biodiversity loss important?
Wildlife support healthy ecosystems that we rely on.
Losing one might not be a disaster, but each loss adds to the likelihood of a serious problem. … Ecosystems weakened by the loss of biodiversity are less likely to deliver those services, especially given the needs of an ever-growing human population.