Best answer: Why is biodiversity more diverse in the tropics?

The higher temperatures in the tropics cause higher rates of metabolism, ecological dynamics and coevolutionary processes, which generate and maintain higher biodiversity.

Why is there more biodiversity in the tropics?

– Tropical latitudes produce more solar power than temperate zones, resulting in high productivity and high diversity of biodiversity. – There are fewer seasonal changes in tropical regions and they have a more or less stable climate. This encourages the specialization of the niche and hence the high wealth of animals.

Why is biodiversity so great around the tropics equator?

Having more energy available in this area means more consumers can be supported. That the are is relatively stable in terms of environment when compared to polar regions has also been suggested as a reason for increased biodiversity at the equator. This stability has meant species are less likely to go extinct.

How is biodiversity unique in the tropics?

The number of species increases drastically from the poles to the equator. … Scientists estimate that tropical forests contain more than half the species on earth, from plants and insects to birds, amphibians, and mammals. These biologically rich areas are known as biodiversity hotspots.

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Why is more biodiversity found in tropical region than in temperate region explain?

“There is greater biodiversity in tropical/subtropical regions than in temperate region. … So, tropics has a longer evolutionary time for species diversification. The temperate enviroment are more seasonal, less constant and unpredictable, therefore less niche specialisation and lesser species diversity are observed.

Why tropical regions have greatest biodiversity than temperate regions?

(1) Tropical latitudes receive more solar energy than temperate regions, which leads to high productivity and high species diversity. (2) Tropical regions have less seasonal variations and have a more or less constant environment. This promotes the niche specialization and thus, high species richness.

Why species diversity is highest at the equator?

A new study led by Oxford Earth Sciences’ Associate Professor Erin Saupe suggests that higher species diversity in equatorial regions may be caused by higher rates of speciation (the formation of new and distinct species in the course of evolution), driven by changes in precipitation across space and through time.

Why does biodiversity tend to be higher in areas closest to the equator or tropical areas quizlet?

Why are areas near the equator have more species richness? Greater amounts of solar energy, heat, and humidity at tropical latitudes lead to more plant growth, making areas nearer the equator more productive and able to support larger numbers of animals.

Why is biodiversity in an ecosystem so important?

Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

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Why is biodiversity important in tropical rainforests?

Why is biodiversity so high in the tropical rainforest? There are a number of reasons for biodiversity in the tropical rainforest including: the hot and wet climate provides ideal conditions for many species of plants and animals to thrive. … large areas of rainforest are untouched by humans, allowing nature to thrive.

Why is a biome with more biodiversity more stable?

It has been shown that biodiversity of an area has a large impact on the ecosystem stability of that area. … This increase in complexity makes it more likely that the ecosystem will return to a stable state after a disturbance, because the ecosystem has more ways to respond to a disturbance and fix problems.