Increasing species diversity can influence ecosystem functions — such as productivity — by increasing the likelihood that species will use complementary resources and can also increase the likelihood that a particularly productive or efficient species is present in the community.
Why is it better to have a more diverse ecosystem?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.
Is an ecosystem with more diversity healthier?
Researchers have found clear evidence that biological communities rich in species are substantially healthier and more productive than those depleted of species.
Why is a diverse ecosystem better than a less diverse ecosystem?
Diverse communities could maintain consistently high function because the species driving function change over time (functional turnover) or because they are more likely to contain key species with temporally stable functioning.
How will increasing diversity affect ecosystem?
Explanation: By increasing species diversity in an ecosystem, both the efficiency and the productivity of an ecosystem will increase. A greater species richness and diversity may cause ecosystems to function more efficiently and productively by making more resources available for other species.
What are the benefits of species diversity?
Importance of Species Diversity
- More diverse ecosystem tend to be more productive. …
- Greater species richness and productivity makes an ecosystem more sustainable and stable.
- More diverse the ecosystem, greater is the ability to withstand environmental stresses like drought or invasive infestations.
Why is an ecosystem with a higher biodiversity more stable?
Biodiversity is a measurement of how many different types of organisms are found in an ecosystem. The higher the biodiversity means that the ecosystem can sustain (maintain) many different types of producers, consumers, and decomposers. This generally means that the area is healthy.
Does biodiversity help the ecosystem?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.
Why is species diversity important to the health of an ecosystem?
Biodiversity is the key indicator of the health of an ecosystem. A wide variety of species will cope better with threats than a limited number of them in large populations. Even if certain species are affected by pollution, climate change or human activities, the ecosystem as a whole may adapt and survive.
Why are some species more diverse than others?
It is a function of both the number of different species in the community (species richness) and their relative abundances (species evenness). Larger numbers of species and more even abundances of species lead to higher species diversity.