Frequent question: What are the factors responsible for the climate of a hilly region?

What are some factors that affect the climate of a region?

The climate of a place is influenced by a host of interacting factors such as:

  • Latitude. …
  • Elevation. …
  • Ocean Currents. …
  • Topography. …
  • Vegetation. …
  • Prevailing winds.

What is the most important factor in the climate of a mountain region?

In the case of high mountains, altitude is a more important factor in climate then latitude. Remember that temperature decreases for every kilometer you rise in the troposphere. Therefore highland areas everywhere have cool climates, no matter what their latitude. the distance from the equator.

Which factors are responsible for climate?

The climate of a place is the average weather that it experiences over a period of time. The factors that determine the climate at a location are the rainfall, sunshine, wind, humidity, and temperature.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate?


  • Latitude. It depends on how close or how far it is to the equator. …
  • Ocean currents. Certain ocean currents have different temperatures. …
  • Wind and air masses. Heated ground causes air to rise which results in lower air pressure. …
  • Elevation. The higher up you are, the colder and drier it will be. …
  • Relief.
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What are the factors that influence Climate and weather?

The factors that influence climate are:

  • pressure and wind.
  • ocean currents.
  • mountain barriers.
  • latitude.
  • altitude.
  • land and water distribution [how close to or far from a large body of water]
  • storms.

What are the factors affecting Climate and weather?

The most important factors affecting climate are latitude, altitude, distance to the ocean or sea, orientation of mountain ranges toward prevailing winds, and the ocean current.

What are the factors of climate that could be affected by the presence of a mountain near a place?

Answer: Climate can be affected by mountains. Mountains receive more rainfall than low lying areas because as air is forced over the higher ground it cools, causing moist air to condense and fall out as rainfall. The higher the place is above sea level the colder it will be.

How is the climate in mountains?

Altogether, mountain climates are characterised by a rather distinctive combination of temperature, radiation, wind and rainfall patterns, as well as a larger variability of climate, both spatial and temporal (at scales from days to seasons) compared with lowlands at the same latitude.

How do mountains influence climate?

Mountains can affect the climate of nearby lands. In some areas, mountains block rain, so that one side of a mountain range may be rainy and the other side may be a desert. Much of airborne moisture falls as rain on the windward side of mountains.

What are the 4 factors that cause climate?

Although many factors combine to influence weather, the four main ones are solar radiation, the amount of which changes with Earth’s tilt, orbital distance from the sun and latitude, temperature, air pressure and the abundance of water.

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What are the factors responsible for the change of climate of any region explain?

Climate change is in part a natural phenomenon, influenced by solar energy, volcanic eruptions, changes in the Earth’s orbit, and oceanographic changes, among other things. Humans are also responsible for climate change through activities like the combustion of fossil fuels, agriculture, and forestry, which emit GHGs.