What is the meaning of illegal wildlife trafficking?
Definitions. Wildlife trafficking involves the illegal trade, smuggling, poaching, capture, or collection of endangered species, protected wildlife (including animals or plants that are subject to harvest quotas and regulated by permits), derivatives, or products thereof.
What is wild animal trafficking?
What is wildlife trade? Whenever people sell or exchange wild animal and plant resources, this is wildlife trade. It can involve live animals and plants or all kinds of wild animal and plant products.
What is the illegal trade of wildlife?
The illegal wildlife trade is a multi-billion dollar global industry estimated to involve billions of individual animals [1, 2]. Wild animals are traded alive to be kept as pets or to be put on display or killed and their parts sold for consumption, traditional medicines, ornaments and jewellery.
Why do people illegally trade wildlife?
Illegal wildlife trade is driven by high profit margins and, in many cases, the high prices paid for rare species. Vulnerable wild animals are pushed further to the edge of extinction when nature can’t replenish their stocks to keep up with the rate of human consumption.
What is illegal trafficking?
Introduction. Drug trafficking is a global illicit trade involving the cultivation, manufacture, distribution and sale of substances which are subject to drug prohibition laws.
What are illegal trades?
Illicit trade is the production or distribution of a good or service that is considered illegal by a legislature. … Illicit trade can occur either in black markets or in legitimate markets.
What crimes do animal traffickers commit?
Poachers and traffickers have also been tied to murder, intimidation, bribery, organized crime, terrorism and a host of other threats that destabilize families, communities and national security.
What is the most illegally trafficked animal in the world?
Pangolins are believed to be the world’s most trafficked mammal, accounting for as much as 20% of all illegal wildlife trade. According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), more than a million pangolins were poached in the decade prior to 2014.
What is the illegal wildlife trade worth?
But it’s not just an issue that affects wildlife. The illegal wildlife trade is a huge international organised crime – the fourth biggest illegal trade in the world, worth over an estimated £15 billion annually.
What is illegally killing animals?
Some examples of illegal wildlife trade are well known, such as the poaching of elephants for ivory or tigers for their skins and bones. … However, many other plant and animal species are similarly overexploited, from marine turtles to timber trees.
How many animals are illegally trafficked each year?
Birds are the most common contraband; the State Department estimates that two million to five million wild birds, from hummingbirds to parrots to harpy eagles, are traded illegally worldwide every year. Millions of turtles, crocodiles, snakes and other reptiles are also trafficked, as well as mammals and insects.