On the west coast of South America, there’s an unlikely sight to behold: a bone-dry desert bordering the Pacific Ocean called the Atacama Desert. This arid desert extends from the west coast of Chile and spills over the bordering nations of Argentina, Peru, and Bolivia.
Where is desert climate found in South America?
Parts of northern Mexico are classified as desert, as is much of the coast of Peru. The Atacama Desert is in northern Chile. Likewise, Argentina’s southern zone, Patagonia, contains a desert.
What is South America’s desert climate?
The climate of South America can be broadly divided into seven different climate types: Desert – Warm to high temperatures with very little rainfall. Grassland – Hot summers and cold winters with above average rainfall. Savanna – This region has very high temperatures all year and rain during the summer season only.
Where is South America’s desert?
Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins.
What climate zone is South America in?
The ITCZ is responsible for the seasonal character of precipitation in South America’s extensive tropical wet-dry climatic zone. The trade winds of both hemispheres converge between the subtropical anticyclones of the Northern and Southern hemispheres in that low-pressure region.
Where is South America?
South America is a continent situated in the western hemisphere and, mostly, the southern hemisphere, bordered on the west by the Pacific Ocean and on the north and east by the Atlantic Ocean; North America and the Caribbean Sea lie to the northwest.
Is South America tropical or temperate?
This region of South America, located on and south of the Tropic of Capricorn, is considered to have subtropical and temperate ecosystems. The climate of most of the subregion has four well-defined seasons, with the cool winters and hot summers typical of the temperate zone.
Is Southern South America cold?
The coldest part of the continent is in the extreme southern tip, in the area called Tierra del Fuego; in the coldest month of the year, which is July, it is as cold as 0°C (32°F) there. The highest temperature of the continent is reached in a small area of northern Argentina, and is about 42°C (108°F).
Which is the hottest desert in the world?
The Sahara is the hottest desert in the world – with one of the harshest climates. The average annual temperature is 30°C, whilst the hottest temperature ever recorded was 58°C. The area receives little rainfall, in fact, half of the Sahara Desert receives less than 1 inch of rain every year.
Why is Peru so cold?
The relatively low temperatures of the Peruvian coastal desert are caused by the cold Humboldt Current. Ocean water temperatures in Lima in September, the coldest month, are as low as 14.4 °C (57.9 °F) similar to water temperatures near Los Angeles during its winter months.
Which is the biggest desert in South America?
Patagonian Desert, Argentina and Chile
Argentina and Chile’s Patagonian Desert is the largest desert in South America and eighth largest in the world. Patagonia covers a vast area of land at the south of the continent between the Andes Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean.
Where is the world’s driest desert?
Why is the Atacama Desert called the “driest desert in the world”? One of the most impressive places in the north of Chile is San Pedro de Atacama. Not only do its landscapes look like they’re on another planet, but also its soil, which is used by scientists to simulate the experience of stepping on Mars.
What are two deserts in South America?
South American Coastal Deserts bioregion
The land area of this bioregion is approximately 29 million hectares. The South American Coastal Deserts bioregion is part of the Andes & Pacific Coast subrealm and is made up of two ecoregions: (1) Sechura Desert (2) Atacama Desert.