Surface currents are the result of global winds blowing across the surface of the ocean. Surface currents change direction when they hit land. … A cold ocean current that flows toward the equator results in cold air masses affecting the nearby land. This causes the climate to be cooler than it would be otherwise.
How do wind systems and ocean currents influence temperature and climate?
Ocean water is constantly evaporating, increasing the temperature and humidity of the surrounding air to form rain and storms that are then carried by trade winds. … Thus, ocean currents regulate global climate, helping to counteract the uneven distribution of solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface.
How do wind and ocean currents affect climate quizlet?
Currents affect climate by moving cold and warm water around the globe. … Currents carry warm water from the tropics toward the poles and bring cold water back toward the equator.
How do wind systems influence temperature and climate?
Wind carries moisture into an atmosphere, as well as hot or cold air into a climate which affects weather patterns. Therefore, a change in wind results in a change of weather. … Additionally, heat and pressure cause the wind to shift direction.
How does wind currents affect climate?
The dominant air currents that affect climate are known as prevailing winds. … For example, warm winds that travel over water tend to collect moisture as they travel; the water vapor in the air will condense as it moves into colder climates, which is why temperate coastal areas often receive heavy rainfall.
How does wind affect ocean temperature?
When the wind pipes up, it stirs the ocean, and it moves temperatures that are either very cold near the bottom up to the surface, or warm temperatures, it’ll mix them down.
How does the ocean affect climate and weather?
The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …
How do ocean currents affect temperature quizlet?
A warm ocean current that flows toward the poles results in warm air masses that move over land that the current flows past. This causes the climate of that land area to be warmer than it would be otherwise. A cold ocean current that flows toward the equator results in cold air masses affecting the nearby land.
How does the ocean influence temperature patterns at the Earth’s surface quizlet?
Ocean currents result in areas of relatively predictable temperatures and precipitation. In the summer, the ocean remains cooler, so land near the ocean is cooled in the summer by the ocean breeze. In the winter, the ocean retains some of its heat, making coastal areas somewhat warmer than inland areas in the winter.
How do surface currents affect the climate of coastal areas?
Warm and cold ocean currents can affect the climate of coastal regions, but only when local winds blow in from the sea. Warm currents heat the air over the ocean and bring higher temperatures over land. Cold currents can lower air temperatures and can bring colder temperatures over land.
How do ocean currents affect temperature check all that apply?
Ocean currents influence the temperature of the region they travel through. Warm currents increase the temperature of the coasts along which they move. Sea breezes that blow over warm currents get warmed in turn and absorb moisture. Then they carry the warmth and moisture to neighboring coastal areas.
How does wind affect the ocean?
How does wind affect ocean circulation? Surface ocean currents are primarily affected by wind patterns. Trade winds can push water along the top of the ocean and aid in the formation of surface currents. One example of a wind-driven circulation affecting an ocean current is the Gulf Stream.
How do wind and air masses affect climate?
When winds move air masses, they carry their weather conditions (heat or cold, dry or moist) from the source region to a new region. When the air mass reaches a new region, it might clash with another air mass that has a different temperature and humidity. This can create a severe storm.