Altitude. Another climate control is altitude, or elevation. Just as there is a gradual decrease in average temperature with increasing latitude, there is a decrease in temperature with increasing elevation.
How does latitude and altitude affect climate?
Latitude or distance from the equator – Temperatures drop the further an area is from the equator due to the curvature of the earth. … Altitude or height above sea level – Locations at a higher altitude have colder temperatures. Temperature usually decreases by 1°C for every 100 metres in altitude.
How does latitude control climate?
Latitude is a fundamental control on every climate. It affects temperature by influencing the seasonal range in solar intensity. It influences precipitation in as much as evaporation is temperature dependent.
How altitude control the climate?
Air pressure and air temperature decreases with altitude. The closer molecules are packed together, the more likely they are to collide. Collisions between molecules give off heat, which warms the air. At higher altitudes, the air is less dense and air molecules are more spread out and less likely to collide.
How does latitude and altitude affect climate quizlet?
How does latitude affect climate? The lower the latitude, the warmer the temperatures. As latitude increases, temperature decreases. … As altitude increases, temperature decreases.
How does latitude and altitude influence India’s climate?
Latitude: As the earth is round, sunlight does not reach everywhere equally. The temperature decreases as we move from the equator to the poles. Altitude: As we move from the surface of the earth to the higher altitudes, the temperature decreases. … Thus, it influences the temperature accordingly.
What is the relationship of latitude and climate environment?
There is a relationship between latitude and temperature around the world, as temperatures are typically warmer approaching the Equator and cooler approaching the Poles. There are variations, though, as other factors such as elevation, ocean currents, and precipitation affect climate patterns.
What is meant by altitude and latitude?
Latitude refers to the distance of a location on Earth’s surface from the equator in relation to the North and South poles (e.g., Florida has a lower latitude than Maine); altitude is defined as how high a location is above sea level (think: a city in the mountains has a high altitude).
How does latitude control climate Class 9?
Due to the curvature of the Earth, the amount of solar energy received by various regions is different according to the latitude. The temperature and density are lesser at higher altitudes. The latitude and altitude affect the pressure and wind system. It causes changes in rainfall pattern and temperature.
What are major controls of climate explain them?
Pressure and winds: Pressure and wind system of an area depend on the latitude and altitude of the place. Thus, it influences the temperature and rainfall pattern. … Relief: High mountains act as barriers for cold and hot winds. They may also cause precipitation if they lie in the path of rain-bearing winds.
How do winds altitude and humidity affect the climate of a place?
Winds distribute and spread particular air masses. The direction of the wind helps to determine the climate of a region. The wind coming from the humid region bring cool air while that from the dry region would bring hot air.
How does latitude affect the climate of a place explain with the help of a diagram?
Explanation: Latitude affects the temperature of a place. The places situated at higher altitudes which are far from equator receive less sunlight and places which are located towards the equator which is a 00 latitude receives more sunlight and are hotter than the places located at higher latitudes.
What are the controls of climate?
The various controls of climate include latitude, land and water distribution, prevailing winds and belts of high and low pressure, ocean currents, altitude, topography, clouds, and cyclonic activity.