How does the ocean affect northern climates like those in Europe and North America?

One of the major elements of today’s ocean system is a conveyor-like circulation that delivers an enormous amount of tropical heat to the northern Atlantic. During winter, this heat is released to the overlying eastward air masses, thereby greatly ameliorating winter temperatures in northern Europe.

How does the ocean affect the climate in places like Europe?

The ocean absorbs heat from the Sun and ocean currents move that warm water all around the planet. … Without sinking cold water, the ocean currents could slow down or stop in some places. This could change the climate in places like Europe that have milder climates thanks to the warm currents in the oceans around them.

How does the Gulf Stream affect the climates of Europe and North America?

This strong current of warm water influences the climate of the east coast of Florida, keeping temperatures there warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than the other southeastern states. Since the Gulf Stream also extends toward Europe, it warms western European countries as well.

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What Ocean affects the climate of northern Europe?

Although there has been recent debate, there is consensus that the climate of Western Europe and Northern Europe is warmer than other areas of similar latitude because of the North Atlantic Current. It is part of the North Atlantic Gyre.

How does the ocean affect the climate?

The oceans influence climate by absorbing solar radiation and releasing heat needed to drive the atmospheric circulation, by releasing aerosols that influence cloud cover, by emitting most of the water that falls on land as rain, by absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and storing it for years to millions of …

How do oceans influence weather and climate quizlet?

Ocean currents affect world climate because ocean currents carry warm water, which helps warm climates of land masses.

How does ocean pollution affect climate change?

Plastics in the Ocean

Of the 100 million metric tons of plastic produced every year, about 10 million end up in the oceans. Plastic pollution comes in all shapes and sizes.

What is the effect of Gulf Stream on the coast of North America and Western Europe?

Answer: This strong current of warm water influences the climate of the east coast of Florida, keeping temperatures there warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer than the other southeastern states. Since the Gulf Stream also extends toward Europe, it warms western European countries as well.

How does the North Atlantic Current affect the climate of northwestern Europe?

How does the North Atlantic Current affect the climate of northwestern Europe? The North Atlantic Current: carries warm water from the Gulf of Mexico to northwestern Europe. it also warms winds to bring mild weather to Europe. Winds blowing from West can pick up moisture and create a wet climate to Western Europe.

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Why does the Gulf Stream warm European climate?

state: In the North Atlantic the Gulf Stream transports enormous amounts of heat poleward (1 PW) as part of the THC, thereby warming western Europe. … During winter, this heat is released to the overlying eastward moving air masses, thereby greatly ameliorating winter temperatures in northern Europe.

What is the climate like in Northern Europe?

Northern European areas

It is characterized by humid, cold winters and mild, humid summers. During winter time there is usually snow, covering your turf. Within this climate you should consider the short growing season and the long dormancy in winter.

How do ocean currents make the climate of Northwest Europe mild?

In the seas between Norway and Newfoundland, the current has lost so much of its heat, and the water has become so salty (through evaporation), that it is dense enough to sink. … During winter, this heat is released to the overlying eastward air masses, thereby greatly ameliorating winter temperatures in northern Europe.

What’s the climate of North America?

North America has a continental climate. This means the climate is generally dry, with cold winters and hot summers, but with the wide variation that is to be expected over a continent extending from the Arctic Circle to the tropics.