Increasing population and urbanisation causes pressure on natural resources and high demand for ecosystem services, which combined can lead to critical environmental degradation, such as water crisis, air pollution, microclimatic alteration and collapse of natural resources (Seto and others 2011; Solecki and others …
How does urbanization affect the ecosystem?
The impact of urbanization processes on ecosystem services is complex in the region, both positively and negatively. Overall, urbanization led to a decline in natural habitat, water retention, soil conservation, and carbon sequestration by 2.6%, 1.1%, 6%, and 3.4%, respectively.
How can urbanization effect a local area?
How can urbanization affect a local area? It can increase the number of invasive species in an area. It can decrease the risk of water pollution in an area. It can increase the risk of flooding in an area.
What is urbanization and how does it affect ecosystems?
Environmental Effects of Urbanization. Urban populations interact with their environment. Urban people change their environment through their consumption of food, energy, water, and land. … For example, urban populations consume much more food, energy, and durable goods than rural populations.
How does urbanization affect animals?
Urbanization dramatically alters the composition of wildlife communities, leading to biodiversity loss 3,14 and increases in the abundance of species that thrive in urban areas.
What are the effects of urbanization?
Some of the major health problems resulting from urbanization include poor nutrition, pollution-related health conditions and communicable diseases, poor sanitation and housing conditions, and related health conditions.
What are 3 effects of urbanization?
Poor air and water quality, insufficient water availability, waste-disposal problems, and high energy consumption are exacerbated by the increasing population density and demands of urban environments.
How does urbanization affect habitat quality and quantity?
The growth of cities may cause biodiversity to decline by fragmenting or destroying large areas of natural habitat on which many species depend. … Although there are many causes of habitat loss, urbanization has been shown to be one of the most damaging in terms of numbers of species lost or threatened (2).
Why is urbanization contributing to pollution people in urban areas strip the soil of nutrients and make it difficult to grow crops people in urban?
Why is urbanization contributing to pollution? People in urban areas strip the soil of nutrients and make it difficult to grow crops. People in urban areas consume more energy, food, and water. People in urban areas remove minerals and metals from the ground, which increases erosion.
What are the effects of urbanization on land degradation?
Global population growth – and in particular the growing global urban population – also places additional pressure on land resources for food production. This leads to soil erosion and the loss of arable lands for housing.