India belongs to one of the 17 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The Indian subcontinent occupying only 2.4% of the earth’s terrestrial land area, is home to several diverse species of organisms, and currently shares around 8% of the global species diversity.
India is one of 17 mega-biodiverse countries in the world. With only 2.4 percent of the earth’s land area, it accounts for 7-8 percent of the world’s recorded species.
How many biodiversity are there in India?
Which is the biodiversity hotspot in India? India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Does India contain 6% of the world’s biodiversity?
India is one of the recognized mega-diverse countries of the world, harbouring nearly 7-8% of the recorded species of the world, and representing 4 of the 34 globally identified biodiversity hotspots (Himalaya, Indo-Burma, Western Ghats and Sri Lanka, Sundaland).
How many hotspots of biodiversity are there in India & in the world?
Note: 1) India is one of the world’s most biodiverse regions. It consists of four biodiversity hotspots, namely, the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region, and the Sunderland (Including Nicobar group of Islands). These 4 hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Which show has maximum genetic diversity in India?
Rice has the most subspecies and genetic diversity among all the options. Rice has almost fifty thousand subspecies in India which makes it the most diverse in genetics.
How many mega diversity countries are present in the world?
The World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC) of the United Nations Environment Program has identified a total of 17 mega-diverse countries: Australia, Brazil, China, Colombia, Ecuador, United States, Philippines, India, Indonesia, Madagascar, Malaysia, Mexico, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Democratic Republic of Congo, …
What is the rank of India in biodiversity?
India ranks fourth in Asia and tenth in the world in plant diversity, the Birsa Agricultural University (BAU) Vice Chancellor, N N Singh, has said. “India boasts of 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species,” Singh said delivering a special lecture on Agro-biodiversity and farmers’ rights at BAU Saturday.
Which Indian state has maximum biodiversity?
The Andaman and Nicobar islands are the region with maximum biodiversity. The state which has the least biodiversity is Rajasthan because a large percentage of the total area is desert.
How many Biodiversity hotspots are there in India in 2021?
Biodiversity Hotspots in India are four in number. Across the world, 36 areas qualify as Biodiversity hotspots.
Which country hosts more than 5% of the world’s biodiversity?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
How is India one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries of the world?
India is one of the megadiverse countries in the world with 45,000 species of plants and twice as many of the animals have been recorded in India. India has only 2.4% of the world’s land area but the species diversity in India is 8.1 percent which makes India one of twelve megadiversity countries of the world.
Is India a mega biodiversity nation?
India is one of the 12 mega biodiversity countries in the world. The country is divided into 10 biogeographic regions. … These are concentrated in the floristically rich areas of North-East India, the Western Ghats, North-West Himalayas and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.