Some studies have ranked Nepal 25th in the world in terms of biodiversity wealth. With 30,164 known species—17,097 animals and 13,067 plant species, pressure has been growing on Nepal’s biodiversity. Due to its unique topography, Nepal has 18 different ecosystems, where a wide variety of flora and fauna is present.
What is the rank of Nepal in biodiversity?
Nepal is a part of the world’s biodiversity hotspot and ranks the 49th in the world for biodiversity.
In which position is Nepal in the world as per richness in biodiversity?
Nepal ranks 25th in the world in terms of biodiversity wealth.
Is Nepal rich in biodiversity?
Nepal is rich in biodiversity. There are various types of flora and fauna found in Nepal. For example, yarshaghumba (Cordyceps sinensis) and the one-horned rhino are the most valuable flora and fauna found in Nepal, among others. … The one-horned rhino, which is found in Chitwan, is also rare fauna found in Nepal.
Where in the world is biodiversity highest?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
What is Nepal biodiversity?
Nepalese rangelands have high biodiversity and are estimated to cover nearly 12% of the country’s total area, providing habitat for various flowering plants, including endemic species and wildlife as well as globally threatened species. … About 21% of the total land area of Nepal is used for agriculture.
What is the rank of Nepal in biodiversity in Asia?
Nepal ranked 25th and 11th positions in terms of richness in biodiversity in the world and Asia, respectively. The country is also home to as many as 118 ecosystems and 35 forest types. They are based on altitudinal, climatic, and vegetation types.
What is biodiversity is Nepal rich in biodiversity?
It is recorded that Nepal has a total of 118 types of ecosystem, 75 types of vegetation and 35 types of forests. There are different animals and plants found only in Nepal. And different animals and plants are found according to ecological region. So, Nepal is rich in biodiversity.
Why Nepal is very rich in biodiversity?
Answer: Nepal is rich in biodiversity because of its unique physical features, thus we find many types of flora and fauna here. But unfortunately people have polluted and destroyed the habitat of these organisms and due to that everyday one or the other species of certain animals/plants is becoming extinct.
Why is hilly region of Nepal rich in biodiversity?
Hill region is very rich in biodiversity. Forests of uttis, katus and chilaune are found here. Due to the altitude and topography, different types of plants like sal, simal, peepal, salla, bamboo, etc. … Different sorts of animals and plants are found here due to topography and diverse climate.
What kind of diversity is found in Nepal?
Species diversity, particularly beta diversity, is very high in Nepal. The country occupies about 0.1 percent of global area, but harbors 3.2 percent and 1.1 percent of the world’s known flora and fauna, respectively. Diversity of birds, bryophytes, mammals, and butterflies is especially high.
Which type of ecosystem is not found in Nepal?
Ecosystem of sea and desert is not available in Nepal. Trees like pine, fir, deodar, bhojpatra, talispatra, rhododendren, gobre salla, thingre salla, etc are found. Trees like sal, simal, sissau, oak, khayer, bamboo, katus, chilaune, etc are found.
How is Nepal a diverse country in natural resources?
Diversity exists largely due to the unique climatic conditions and geography in the Himalayan range. Indigenous cultures and skills have played a complementary role in the management and preservation of these genetic resources. Medicinal plants are among the diverse reserve of genetic resources Nepal boasts.