Freshwater ecosystems are among the most threatened in the world, while providing numerous essential ecosystem services (ES) to humans. Despite their importance, research on freshwater ecosystem services is limited.
Is water an ecosystem service?
Along with food, other types of provisioning services include drinking water, timber, wood fuel, natural gas, oils, plants that can be made into clothes and other materials, and medicinal benefits. Ecosystems provide many of the basic services that make life possible for people.
What type of ecosystem service is fresh water?
Provisioning Services. Groundwater supplies drinking, municipal, industrial, and irrigation water worldwide. The most important ecosystem service humans receive from groundwater is providing clean water for drinking.
What are the 5 main ecosystem services?
More About Ecosystem Services
- Provisioning Services or the provision of food, fresh water, fuel, fiber, and other goods;
- Regulating Services such as climate, water, and disease regulation as well as pollination;
- Supporting Services such as soil formation and nutrient cycling; and.
What are 4 examples of ecosystem services?
Examples of ecosystem services include products such as food and water, regulation of floods, soil erosion and disease outbreaks, and non-material benefits such as recreational and spiritual benefits in natural areas.
Why is freshwater an ecosystem service?
Freshwater ecosystems also provide several regulating services, like groundwater recharge, flood regulation, microclimate regulation, carbon sequestration, water quality control (Bullock and Acreman 2003; Aldous et al. 2011; Tomscha et al.
Why water is an ecosystem service?
A range of important ecosystem services are explicitly linked to the water cycle; from providing clean drinking water to regulating the flow of flood events and creating opportunities for water-based recreation and cultural practices.
What are the 4 main types of freshwater ecosystems?
Rivers, lakes, ponds and streams are the most common freshwater sources. Reservoirs, wetlands and groundwater sources are also considered freshwater ecosystems.
What is not an ecosystem service?
Conditions or processes of ecosystems that cannot be linked to the welfare of identifiable beneficiary groups are not ecosystem services. For example, changes in fish abundance in areas not used by humans and that have no direct or indirect effect on human benefits are not ecosystem services.
What are the 7 ecosystem services?
- Climate regulation. Both the biotic and abiotic ensembles of marine ecosystems play a role in climate regulation. …
- Waste treatment and disease regulation. …
- Buffer zones. …
- Forest products. …
- Marine products. …
- Fresh water. …
- Raw materials. …
- Biochemical and genetic resources.
Which of the following is not considered an ecosystem service?
None of the above; nutrient cycling is not considered an ecosystem service. … Ecological processes like water purification, pollination, and nutrient cycling would be discounted in the __________ economic system. mainstream. We depend on environmental resources such as timber and water.