The two prominent groups of islands (archipelago) in India are Andaman & Nicobar islands and the Lakshadweep Island. Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a global biodiversity hot spot recognized by conservation international.
Which of the hotspots is biodiversity?
They are western ghats and Sri Lanka, Indo-Burma, and Eastern Himalayas. Note that even the biodiversity hotspots cover less than two percent of the world’s total land area, by protecting these regions we can decrease the rate of species extinctions by 30%.
Is Himalayas a biodiversity hotspot?
Eastern Himalayas form a part of the Himalayan global biodiversity hotspot. This region is exceptionally rich in diversity and endemism. It comprises of parts of Nepal, Bhutan, Sikkim, Arunanchal Pradesh and extends up to Burma.
What is a biodiversity hotspot give an example?
Biodiversity hotspots are regions that are both biologically fertile (rich distribution of plants and animals) and highly threatened. … Examples of biodiversity hotspots are forest habitats as they constantly face destruction and degradation due to illegal logging, pollution and deforestation.
Are islands biodiversity hotspots?
Islands are often considered biodiversity hotspots due to the variety of species that have evolved to thrive on these remote pieces of land. … The features of island living have led to a high number of endemic species, meaning these species are found nowhere else in the world.
What are three biodiversity hotspots?
Seven biodiversity hotspots you should know
- The Caribbean Islands. …
- The Atlantic Forest in Brazil. …
- Southeast Asia. …
- The Philippines. …
- The Horn of Africa. …
- Madagascar. …
- The California Coast.
Which one is hotspot of biodiversity in India?
India hosts 4 biodiversity hotspots: the Himalayas, the Western Ghats, the Indo-Burma region and the Sundaland (Includes Nicobar group of Islands). These hotspots have numerous endemic species.
Why is Sikkim a biodiversity hotspot?
Today, due to human-induced threats and stresses on its unique biodiversity, Sikkim has become a ‘Biodiversity Hot Spot’ with as many as 5,500 flowering plants species only found within this 7,096 km2 geographical area (Hajra and Verma 1996. Verma. 1996. … Common Medicinal Plants of Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalaya.
Why Is Japan a biodiversity hotspot?
The intersection of three tectonic plates generates numerous hot springs and volcanoes creating a basis for unique environments, and therefore propagating unique life. Japan consists of a wide range of ecosystems and biodiversity, resulting in a plethora of rare flora and fauna.
Is sundaland a biodiversity hotspot?
The Sundaland Biodiversity Hotspot covers the western half of the Indonesian archipelago, a group of some 17,000 islands stretching 5,000 kilometers, and is dominated by the islands of Borneo and Sumatra.
How many biodiversity hotspots are there in Pakistan?
As a consequence of these geographical and climatic factors, Pakistan has been divided into 10 major ecological or vegetative zones.
Which is not a biodiversity hotspot?
Indo-burma — it includes north eastern india. Assam and Andaman islands are exceptions. Sundalands— it includes nicobar islands.
Which is the largest biodiversity hotspot in India?
The Indo-Burma region, one of the largest hotspots, covers Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam, Laos PDR and also includes the Gangetic plains, areas around the Brahmaputra river and parts of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.