Located at the eastern edge of California, between the arid Great Basin and the snowy Sierra Nevada, Mono Lake is an ancient saline lake that covers over 70 square miles and supports a unique and productive ecosystem.
Does anything live in Mono Lake?
Mono Lake is filled with trillions of brine shrimp, Artemia monica, a species that lives nowhere else on earth. These tiny, fascinating shrimp feed millions of migratory birds and contribute to Mono Lake’s ecological importance on a global scale.
What is in Mono Lake?
Mono Lake is an ancient saline lake located at the eastern edge of the Sierra Nevada in California. Home to trillions of brine shrimp, millions of birds, and world-famous tufa towers, its tributary streams also supply water to Los Angeles, nearly 350 miles to the south.
How was the Mono Lake ecosystem saved?
To save Mono Lake from ecological collapse due to excessive water diversions, a young group of scientists formed the Mono Lake Committee and pursued legal, legislative, and grassroots advocacy strategies on the lake’s behalf. … Water diversions almost destroyed Mono Lake. Students to the rescue.
Where does Mono Lake get its water?
Mono Lake receives the vast majority of its water from Sierra Nevada snowpack in the form of snowmelt by way of five main streams.
What is Mono Lake known for?
Mono Lake has become known for its unusual limestone towers- revealed by the decline in water level and known to extend up to 12 feet. Tufa are towers of calcium carbonate created underwater by the chemical reaction of calcium from fresh water springs with carbonates of the alkaline lake.
What kind of animals are in Mono Lake?
American avocets (Recurvirostra americana), eared grebes (Podiceps nigricollis), red-necked phalaropes (Phalaropus lobatus) and Wilson’s phalaropes (Phalaropus tricolor) are among the more than 80 species of migratory birds that stop in the millions to rest and feed on flies and brine shrimp (Artemia monica) at Mono …
What type of lake is Mono Lake?
Mono Lake is what geologists refer to as an endorheic basin, meaning that water flows into the lake, but the lake has no outflow. With no outflow, salts accumulate in the lake as water evaporates, making the water body hypersaline (more salty than the ocean) and creating a very unique ecosystem.
What two or three organisms are most important in the Mono Lake ecosystem?
What three organism are the most important in the Mono lake ecosystem? Brine shrimp, Brine flies and algae.
Why is Mono Lake green?
Algae: Wintertime is algae’s time to shine. As a food source for trillions of brine shrimp, algae is gobbled up pretty quickly, which is why Mono Lake’s water is quite clear in the summer, at the height of the shrimp population. In the shrimp’s absence, the algae flourishes, turning the lake a deep green color.
Why is the Mono Lake ecosystem so productive?
The desert lake has an unusually productive ecosystem based on brine shrimp, which thrive in its waters, and provides critical habitat for two million annual migratory birds that feed on the shrimp and alkali flies (Ephydra hians). …
What’s wrong with Mono Lake?
Mono Lake is facing a crisis – again. Four consecutive drought years and a disappointing El Niño winter have reduced the lake, on the east side of California’s Sierra Nevada, to levels that threaten thousands of nesting birds and its fragile ecological balance.
Is Mono Lake losing water?
As California enters another year of drought, the Mono Lake level forecast for the 2021–2022 runoff year is in, and the outlook is not good. The lake is projected to drop more than a foot, falling to a surface elevation below 6380 feet above sea level by the end of 2021.