Areas near the equator receive constant direct sunlight and therefore, heat. The slight difference in temperature is enough to change the wind patterns and keep this area dry for much of the year, until the winds shift and the rainy season begins. How Much Precipitation Does it Receive?
Is the equator humid or dry?
Even during the rest of the year, equatorial regions often experience a hot climate with little seasonal variation. As a result, many equatorial cultures recognize two seasons—wet and dry. The wet, or rainy, season often lasts most of the year.
What type of climate is at the equator?
Description of the equatorial climate
Rainforests are located in the equatorial climate region. They are hot and wet all year round – this creates a humid climate. The annual rainfall is high as it rains almost every day.
Which climates are dry?
There are two dry climate types: arid and semiarid. Most arid climates receive 10 to 30 centimeters (four to 12 inches) of rain each year, and semiarid climates receive enough to support extensive grasslands. Temperatures in both arid and semiarid climates show large daily and seasonal variations.
Why is the climate wet near the equator?
Near the Earth’s equator, solar heating is intense year round. The Sun heats the ocean, evaporating tremendous amounts of water. … As air rises, it cools, and water vapor condenses into rain. This daily cycle of heating, evaporation, and convection creates a persistent band of showers and storms around Earth’s middle.
Why is climate near the equator warm and moist?
Moisture. A. … As air above the equator rises, it cools and is unable to hold all of the moisture–so it rains at the equator, creating the climate and moisture conducive for tropical rainforests (known as the intertropical convergence). The air that rises at the solar equator descends near 30 degrees N or S.
Is equator near the hottest?
A beam of sunlight falling on the equator has a much more intense effect than the glancing rays spread over a much larger area of the curving surface near the poles. Therefore, it is hotter at the equator than at the North Pole because the sun’s heat is concentrated directly overhead at the equator.
Which climate is hot and wet?
A humid subtropical climate is a zone of climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and cool to mild winters. These climates normally lie on the southeast side of all continents, generally between latitudes 25° and 40° (sometimes 46°) and are located poleward from adjacent tropical climates.
What city has a dry climate?
Many cities in the western United States have dry climates. Las Vegas and Phoenix get so little rain or snow, less than 10 inches (250 millimetres) a year on average, that they’re considered deserts. The rainfall at Riverside and San Diego amounts to just over the desert threshold.
What is dry climate for kids?
In dry climates, summers are hot to very hot and there’s hardly any rain that falls at all. Winter days can be cool or warm, and winter nights can be very cold. The air is dry, there are hardly any clouds; the sun is very powerful and you’ll certainly get a massive glare in your eyes.
Why are B climates dry?
The Dry Climates (Group B) have less precipitation than evaporation. Dry climate zones cover about 26 percent of the world’s land area.