Question: Is Philippines a biodiversity reservoir?

Is Philippines rich in biodiversity?

The Philippines is one of the 17 mega biodiverse countries, containing two-thirds of the Earth’s biodiversity and 70 percent of world’s plants and animal species due to its geographical isolation, diverse habitats and high rates of endemism. The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services.

Why Philippines is biodiversity hotspot?

Philippines: A Biodiversity Hotspot

It is considered to be a mega – diversity country because of the exceptional diversity in ecosystems, species and genetic resources found within its 7,100 island territory. … The overexploitation of natural resources, reduced the forests to an alarming 24% from its original cover.

What makes the Philippines the world’s center of biodiversity?

First off, it’s important to note that the Philippines is located in a spot in the globe called the “Coral Triangle,” an area of tremendous importance because it is recognized as the global center for marine biodiversity. … The region is called the Coral Triangle due to the large number of corals in the area.

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Is the Philippines the center of marine biodiversity?

The Philippines is located in a region called the Coral Triangle; an area of exceptional importance as it is recognized as the global center for marine biodiversity. Within this region, the Philippines is also known as the center of this center.

How is Philippine biodiversity described today?

The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. … In terms of fishes, the Philippines counts at least 3,214 species, of which about 121 are endemic and 76 threatened.

How diverse is the Philippines?

The Philippines is the tenth most linguistically diverse country in the world (Nolasco 2007). … According to the National Commission for Culture and Arts, there are 52 major ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines and 144 languages or dialects.

Why the Philippine biodiversity is endangered?

The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.

What place in the Philippines that has rich biodiversity?

As a result, Palawan not only showcases many of the flora and fauna associated with the rest of the Philippines, but also has many birds, reptiles, amphibians, mammals, trees and plants found on the island of Borneo.

Why is the Philippines included in the list of global hotspots?

The Philippines are of volcanic origin; a large part of the terrain is mountainous, with fertile soils and spectacular landscapes. The country is one of the few nations that is, in its entirety, both a hotspot and a megadiversity country, placing it among the top priority hotspots for global conservation.

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Which ecosystem are found in the Philippines?

The Lay of the Land: Ecosystem Diversity in the Philippines

General Types (Higher Level) Sub-types (Lower Level)
Brackish/Estuarine Ecosystem Mangrove swamp Nipa swamp
Saltwater/Marine Ecosystem Mudflats Seagrass belts Coral reefs
Special Ecosystems Caves

What country is the center of biodiversity?

Brazil. It is the country with the greatest biodiversity of flora and fauna on the planet. Brazil has the highest number of species of known mammals and freshwater fish, and more than 50,000 species of trees and bushes, it takes first place in plant diversity.

What are coral reefs in the Philippines?

The coral reefs of the Philippines are the second-largest in Southeast Asia, covering 10,000 square miles (26,000 square kilometers). The reefs support extraordinary biodiversity, including more than 400 species of hard coral—12 of which are unique to the area—and more than 900 species of reef fish.