Question: Why does biodiversity in the oceans matter?

Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation. …

How can biodiversity affect our oceans?

The importance of marine biodiversity

Marine biodiversity allows nature in our ocean to be productive, resilient and adaptable to environmental changes. Marine biodiversity can prevent one species’ extinction from causing wider negative impacts on a marine ecosystem.

Why is ocean life important?

The air we breathe: The ocean produces over half of the world’s oxygen and absorbs 50 times more carbon dioxide than our atmosphere. Climate regulation: Covering 70 percent of the Earth’s surface, the ocean transports heat from the equator to the poles, regulating our climate and weather patterns.

What is the biodiversity of the ocean?

The world’s oceans contain somewhere between 500,000 and 10 million marine species. bacteria, other microbes and viruses. Much of the biodiversity in the ocean, particularly in the deep sea and in the microbial ocean, is unknown, and up to 2,000 new species are described per year.

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How does global warming affect ocean biodiversity?

Warmer waters cause coral bleaching, which in turn impacts coral reef ecosystems that are home to most of the ocean’s biodiversity — and provide crucial sources of food for people. Warmer waters threaten to cause mass migration of marine species in search of the right conditions for feeding and spawning.

Why does the ocean matter?

The reason our planet looks blue from space is because so much of it is ocean- it covers 70% of the earth’s surface. Our ocean is the foundation of our world – home to more than half of all life on earth today. It provides food to billions and jobs to millions.

How do think that oceans are the home to the greatest biodiversity?

Answer: The Epipelagic zone extends from the surface to 200m down. It receives plenty of sunlight and therefore contains the most biodiversity in the ocean.

Why are coral reefs important?

Coral reefs protect coastlines from storms and erosion, provide jobs for local communities, and offer opportunities for recreation. They are also are a source of food and new medicines. Over half a billion people depend on reefs for food, income, and protection.

Why the biodiversity is important?

Biodiversity provides vital ecosystem functions such as soil fertilization, nutrient recycling, pest and disease regulation, erosion control and crop and tree pollination.

What is the importance of biodiversity to ecosystem?

Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.

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What of the Earth’s biodiversity is found in the ocean?

In fact, 80 percent of life on Earth is found in the ocean, spread across countless ecosystems throughout millions of square miles covering Earth’s surface.