Healthy marine ecosystems are important for society since they provide services including food security, feed for livestock , raw materials for medicines, building materials from coral rock and sand, and natural defenses against hazards such as coastal erosion and inundation. …
How can biodiversity affect our oceans?
The importance of marine biodiversity
Marine biodiversity allows nature in our ocean to be productive, resilient and adaptable to environmental changes. Marine biodiversity can prevent one species’ extinction from causing wider negative impacts on a marine ecosystem.
What does biodiversity mean in the ocean?
The ocean is amazingly diverse. Life in the ocean ranges from the smallest microscopic bacteria and viruses to the largest animal ever to have lived on Earth—the blue whale. Biodiversity refers to variation among living things within an ecosystem. This includes variation in plants, animals, fungi, and micro organisms.
Why would biodiversity be important?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
What is the importance of coral on fish species?
Because of the diversity of life found in the habitats created by corals, reefs are often called the “rainforests of the sea.” About 25% of the ocean’s fish depend on healthy coral reefs. Fishes and other organisms shelter, find food, reproduce, and rear their young in the many nooks and crannies formed by corals.
Why is the ocean so diverse?
“The oceans we see today are filled with a dizzying array of species in groups like fishes, arthropods, and mollusks, not because they had higher origination rates than groups that are less common, but because they had lower extinction rates over very long intervals of time.”
Why is biodiversity important to human biodiversity?
Biodiversity is important to humans for ecological life support, biodiversity gives a functioning ecosystem that provides oxygen, clear air and water, plant pollutions, pest control, wastewater treatment and lots of ecosystem services.
What are 5 benefits of biodiversity?
A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services
- Protection of water resources.
- Soils formation and protection.
- Nutrient storage and recycling.
- Pollution breakdown and absorption.
- Contribution to climate stability.
- Maintenance of ecosystems.
- Recovery from unpredictable events.
Why is biodiversity important quizlet?
Biodiversity is the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem. Biodiversity is important because it provides us with Natural Resources (Food, Water, Wood, etc.) Natural Services (Pest Control, Air and Water Purification, etc.) and of course, Aesthetic Pleasure.