Biotic factors such as pests, insects and diseases reduce the crop production. A pest causes damage to our crops by feeding. Weeds also reduce crop productivity by competing with the main crop for nutrients and light. Similarly, abiotic factors such as temperature, wind, rain etc.
How do biotic and biotic factors affect crop production?
Biotic factors like insects, rodents, pests, and many more spread the disease and reduce crop production. … Abiotic factors like humidity, temperature, moisture, wind, rain, flood and many more destroy the crop raise. Abiotic factors like hot, cold, drought, salinity, etc. affect crop production.
What are the biotic and abiotic factors that affect the growth of the plant?
Biotic (i.e., weeds, insects, fungi, bacteria, etc.) and abiotic factors (i.e., sunlight, temperature, rain, humidity, drought, salinity, air, soil, pollution, magnetic fields, etc.) can affect plant growth and crop yield in many different ways.
What are the biotic factors that affect agricultural production?
Biotic constraints to agricultural production are broadly identified as weeds (plants), pests (animals), and diseases (fungi and bacteria), and their related biological interactions (namely, competition, herbivory, and predation and parasitism), which cause reductions in physical yields or yield quality.
What are the effects of abiotic and biotic factors?
The abiotic factors will define which organisms are able or not to live in a specified place. The living organisms will constitute the biotic factors, which define if and how can an organism live in a specified environment. So, the abiotic factors are controling the biotic factors of an environment. Hope it helps you !
What are the factors affecting crop production?
The four most important factors that influence crop yield are soil fertility, availability of water, climate, and diseases or pests.
How do biotic and abiotic factors affect storage of food grains?
The factors responsible for loss of grains during storage are: (i) Abiotic factors like moisture (present in foodgrains), humidity (of air) and temperature. (ii) Biotic factors like insects, rodents, birds, mites and bacteria.
How do abiotic factors affect plants?
Abiotic factors include: Light intensity: limited light will limit photosynthesis. This will affect the distribution of plants, and therefore the distribution of animals that eat plants. … Temperature: temperature is a limiting factor for photosynthesis – and low temperature therefore limits growth of plants.
How biotic factors affect plants?
Biotic factors refer to the living organisms that affect plant growth and development in various ways. These organisms, both macro-and micro-organisms, are the living components of the environment that influence the manifestation of the genetic factor on phenotypic expression.
How does abiotic factor influences the growth and development in plants?
Temperature and moisture are important influences on plant production (primary productivity) and the amount of organic matter available as food (net primary productivity). Primary production is the synthesis of organic compounds from atmospheric or aqueous carbon dioxide.
What are the factors that affect food production?
7 Factors that Affect Where Food is Produced
- Climate & weather.
- Growing season length.
- Soil & topography.
- Access to feed.
- Proximity to fertilizer sources or a market for byproducts.
- Markets and proximity to processors.
- 7 . Government Policy.