Agriculture, forestry and fisheries products, stable natural hydrological cycles, fertile soils, a balanced climate and numerous other vital ecosystem services depend upon the conservation of biological diversity.
What are the economic values of biodiversity explain?
ADVERTISEMENTS: The role of biodiversity in providing ecosystem services is twofold. Firstly, biodiversity is directly used as a source for food, fibre, fuel and other extractable resources. Secondly, biodiversity plays an important role in ecosystem processes providing the regulating, cultural and supporting services.
What benefits do we get from biodiversity?
Biodiversity supports human and societal needs, including food and nutrition security, energy, development of medicines and pharmaceuticals and freshwater, which together underpin good health. It also supports economic opportunities, and leisure activities that contribute to overall wellbeing.
What is biodiversity environmental economics?
The term biodiversity
This is because the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) understands ‘biodiversity’ as ‘the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part’.
What are 5 benefits of biodiversity?
A healthy biodiversity offers many natural services
- Protection of water resources.
- Soils formation and protection.
- Nutrient storage and recycling.
- Pollution breakdown and absorption.
- Contribution to climate stability.
- Maintenance of ecosystems.
- Recovery from unpredictable events.
Why is biodiversity so important?
Biodiversity is important to humans for many reasons. … Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services.
Why is biodiversity important 5 Reasons?
Biodiversity Protects Us. Biodiversity makes the earth habitable. Biodiverse ecosystems provide nature-based solutions that buffer us from natural disasters such as floods and storms, filter our water and regenerate our soils. … Protecting and restoring natural ecosystems is vital to fighting climate change.
How does biodiversity contribute to the economy Form 2?
Biodiversity provides high variety of food: crops, livestock, forestry, and fish are important food source of human species. … Wild species and varieties can supply genes for improving domesticated species by improving their yield, disease resistance, tolerance and vigor; this can increase the profit of farming.
How does biodiversity affect ecosystem services?
Many key ecosystem services provided by biodiversity, such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, pest regulation and pollination, sustain agricultural productivity. Promoting the healthy functioning of ecosystems ensures the resilience of agriculture as it intensifies to meet growing demands for food production.
How does high biodiversity help the stability of an ecosystem?
Greater biodiversity in ecosystems, species, and individuals leads to greater stability. For example, species with high genetic diversity and many populations that are adapted to a wide variety of conditions are more likely to be able to weather disturbances, disease, and climate change.