The greatest concern regarding improperly handled medical waste involves exposure to infectious pathogens. Those exposed to medical waste can be infected through punctures of the skin, as well as through inhalation or ingestion.
What happens if medical waste is not disposed of properly?
Medical waste that is disposed of improperly can contaminate groundwater sources, produce air pollutants and get into the ecosystems of wildlife. All waste materials that are generated by healthcare facilities can cause considerable damage and should never be dumped into waterways or thrown away in the regular trash.
What are the health risks of improper healthcare waste disposal?
Improper disposal of medical waste may include damage to humans by sharp instruments, diseases transmitted to humans by infectious agents, and contamination of the environment by toxic and hazardous chemicals [28–30].
Why is it important to dispose of clinical waste properly?
Correct clinical waste disposal also ensures health and safety of staff, visitors and patients who should be protected from dangerous exposure to medicine, contaminated equipment and sharps.
What are the risks of clinical waste?
Health risks associated with waste and by-products also include: radiation burns; sharps-inflicted injuries; poisoning and pollution through the release of pharmaceutical products, in particular, antibiotics and cytotoxic drugs.
What are the effects of medical waste to environment?
Burning medical waste releases many hazardous gases and compounds, including hydrochloric acid, dioxins and furans, as well as the toxic metals lead, cadmium, and mercury. It also releases large amounts of carbon dioxide, worsening climate change.
What are the risks associated with incorrect waste management in a salon?
There are a number of risks to understand with incorrect waste management in a salon. For a start, there is the risk of contamination of infectious diseases. Not following the correct processes for this is dangerous because customers and staff could become unwell. Other examples of health risks are spillages.
Who are at risk of health care waste?
Health care workers, patients, workers in support services, visitors to health facilities, waste handlers, scavengers, fetuses in the wombs, and the general public are susceptible to these infections [2, 8].
What happens clinical waste?
When collecting waste from a hospital, says Fanning, the contractor has two options: the company can transport the medical waste directly to a facility that will “render it safe” and the waste is then heat-treated or incinerated; or it can transport the waste to what is known as a transfer station.
Is medical waste hazardous waste?
Medical waste is any type of waste that could potentially be infectious. … Under this Act medical waste is determined to be hazardous waste. The EPA has authority under this act to regulate the handling, storage, and treatment of medical waste.
What is the safe way to dispose medical waste?
Types of Biomedical Waste Disposal
- Autoclaving. The process of autoclaving involves steam sterilization. …
- Incineration. The major benefits of incineration are that it is quick, easy, and simple. …
- Chemicals. When it comes to liquid waste, a common biomedical waste disposal method can be chemical disinfection. …