The Philippines is one of 18 mega-biodiverse countries of the world, containing two-thirds of the earth’s biodiversity and between 70% and 80% of the world’s plant and animal species. The Philippines ranks fifth in the number of plant species and maintains 5% of the world’s flora.
What is the current status of biodiversity on Earth?
THE AMOUNT OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
|Kingdom and Major Subdivision||Common Name||No. of Described Species|
What is the current state of the Philippine ecological system?
The Philippines is suffering from degradation of the natural environment. It has fifty major rivers now polluted due to abuse and neglect. Approximately two-thirds of the country’s original mangroves have been lost. A hundred years ago, the Philippines had close to 22 million hectares of old growth forest.
What are the biodiversity issues in the Philippines?
The continuing habitat degradation and forestland conversion are major threats to Philippine biodiversity. These are attributed primarily to large-scale and indiscriminate logging and mining, burgeoning human population, overharvesting of resources, and infrastructure development.
What is the current status of animal diversity in the Philippines?
In recent years, Field Museum biologists have shown that the Philippine Islands have one of the world’s greatest concentrations of unique biological diversity, leading to the islands becoming known as “the Galapagos times ten”; over 75% of the nearly 200 mammal species live nowhere else.
What do you know about biodiversity?
The term biodiversity (from “biological diversity”) refers to the variety of life on Earth at all its levels, from genes to ecosystems, and can encompass the evolutionary, ecological, and cultural processes that sustain life.
What is the importance of biodiversity?
Ecological life support— biodiversity provides functioning ecosystems that supply oxygen, clean air and water, pollination of plants, pest control, wastewater treatment and many ecosystem services. Recreation—many recreational pursuits rely on our unique biodiversity , such as birdwatching, hiking, camping and fishing.
Why is biodiversity important in the Philippines?
The Philippines’ biodiversity provides several ecosystem services. It provides food, water, energy sources, pharmaceuticals, biomass fuels, carbon sequestration and climate regulation, crop pollination, cultural and spiritual inspiration and ecotourism value.
How can we protect biodiversity in the Philippines?
- Conserve biodiversity in forest areas and reduce forest degradation in priority watersheds.
- Build capacity to manage forest areas at the national and sub-national levels.
- Strengthen disaster-risk reduction programs.
What are the current environmental issues in the Philippines?
Other environmental problems that the country is facing include pollution, illegal mining and logging, deforestation, dynamite fishing, landslides, coastal erosion, wildlife extinction, global warming and climate change.
What do you think are the main reason for the biodiversity destruction in the Philippines?
In the Philippines, deforestation (forest denudation and fragmentation) is a leading cause of habitat destruction that negatively impacts biodiversity on an exponential scale. … Through the years, conversion of land for residential and commercial use has also contributed the same effects in lower-lying habitats.
What is the impact of biodiversity loss in the Philippines?
This loss has deleterious impacts on the long-term sustainability of community livelihood systems, political cohesion and governance, and overall national welfare. It is becoming evident that biodiversity loss has root causes in the social, institutional, economic, and political spheres.
How diverse is the Philippines?
The Philippines is the tenth most linguistically diverse country in the world (Nolasco 2007). … According to the National Commission for Culture and Arts, there are 52 major ethno-linguistic groups in the Philippines and 144 languages or dialects.