Functional diversity is of ecological importance because it, by definition, is the component of diversity that influences ecosystem dynamics, stability, productivity, nutrient balance, and other aspects of ecosystem functioning.
Why is functional diversity important?
Functional diversity is of high ecological importance because it is capable of influencing several aspects of ecosystem functioning like ecosystem dynamics, stability, nutrient availability, etc. Functional diversity of a community can be measured by functional richness and evenness.
Why is diversity important in an ecosystem?
Biodiversity boosts ecosystem productivity where each species, no matter how small, all have an important role to play. For example, A larger number of plant species means a greater variety of crops. Greater species diversity ensures natural sustainability for all life forms.
What is functional diversity in ecosystem?
Functional diversity is a component of biodiversity that generally concerns the range of things that organisms do in communities and ecosystems. Here, we review how functional diversity can explain and predict the impact of organisms on ecosystems and thereby provide a mechanistic link between the two.
What is ecosystem diversity and why is it important?
It is the variation in the ecosystems found in a region or the variation in ecosystems over the whole planet. Biodiversity is important because it clears out our water, changes out climate, and provides us with food. Ecological diversity includes the variation in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Why are functional traits important?
A need to develop better predictive capacity for how species respond to environmental change has in part motivated this focus. Functional traits are of most interest—those with a defined link to individual survival, development, growth and reproduction.
Why is phylogenetic diversity important?
Phylogenetic diversity (PD), a measurement of the branch lengths in a phylogenetic tree, is a better measure of biodiversity that provides a comparable, evolutionary measure of biodiversity not possible with species counts. Despite its advantages, PD is rarely used as the primary measure of biodiversity.
What are the functional aspects of an ecosystem?
Step by step answer:An Ecosystem contains four functional aspects for its maintenance. These are biogeochemical cycles, energy flow, nutrient cycle, etc. Other important functional attributes are ecological succession, ecological pyramid, food web, and food chain.
Do more diverse ecosystems function better?
This means that communities with a more even distribution of species across the trait space, will deliver higher levels of ecosystem functioning; a result that supports the functional complementarity hypothesis.
Why is biodiversity important to an ecosystem quizlet?
Biodiversity is the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem. Biodiversity is important because it provides us with Natural Resources (Food, Water, Wood, etc.) Natural Services (Pest Control, Air and Water Purification, etc.) and of course, Aesthetic Pleasure.
How does the diversity of species within a functional type affect ecosystem processes?
If those resources limit growth, then increasing functional richness should lead to greater total productivity and decreased loss of resources from the ecosystem. Facilitative interactions among species could also lead to increases in ecosystem pools or process rates as species or functional richness increase.
What is an example of functional diversity?
Some examples include understanding species competitive abilities, patterns of species co-occurrence, community assembly, and the role of different traits on ecosystem functioning.
What is functional diversity and how do we care?
Functional diversity is a relatively nuanced way of comparing organisms based on their ecological differences, but its not a panacea. It may depend strongly on which traits are considered, interactions among multiple traits, and what the goals of the analysis are (and whether they may change).