What are the causes and effects municipal solid waste?

Solid waste pollution is caused mainly through urbanization and through industrial waste. It causes various diseases in human as bacillary dysentery, diarrhea and amoebic dysentery, plague, salmonellosis, trichinosis, endemic typhus, cholera, jaundice, hepatitis, gastro enteric diseases etc.

What are the effects of municipal solid waste?

An inefficient municipal solid waste management system may create serious negative environmental impacts like infectious diseases, land and water pollution, obstruction of drains and loss of biodiversity. Keywords: solid waste management, Rawalpindi City, environmental impacts, land pollution.

What are the causes of municipal solid waste?

Major Causes of Solid Waste Pollution

  • Commercial establishments.
  • Residential houses.
  • Debris from construction and demolition.
  • Debris from roads (such as asphalt and scrap metal)
  • Scrap from vehicles.
  • Agriculture.

What are the effects of solid waste management?

Industrial solid wastes are sources of toxic metals and hazardous wastes, which may spread on land and can cause changes in physicochemical and biological characteristics thereby affecting productivity of soils. Toxic substances may leach or percolate to contaminate the ground water.

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What is the cause of solid waste management?

Overpopulation, urbanization and the growing technology are among the few reasons for solid waste pollution. The rising population have lead to the production of more waste, with every passing year people have several kinds of stuff to use and discard. Technology has a very vast impact on the growing population.

What are the effects of waste?

Some of the catastrophic effects of today’s poor waste management systems are listed below:

  • Soil Contamination. …
  • Water Contamination. …
  • Extreme Weather Caused By Climate Change. …
  • Air Contamination. …
  • Harm Towards Animal and Marine Life. …
  • Human Damage.

What are the effects of solid waste pollution?

Solid waste pollution is caused mainly through urbanization and through industrial waste. It causes various diseases in human as bacillary dysentery, diarrhea and amoebic dysentery, plague, salmonellosis, trichinosis, endemic typhus, cholera, jaundice, hepatitis, gastro enteric diseases etc.

What are the causes of waste?

Wastes may be generated during the extraction of raw materials, the processing of raw materials into intermediate and final products, the consumption of final products, and other human activities. Residuals recycled or reused at the place of generation are excluded.”

What causes domestic waste?

This waste is generated as consequences of household activities such as the cleaning, cooking, repairing empty containers, packaging, huge use of plastic carry bags. Many times these waste gets mixed with biomedical waste from hospitals and clinics.

What is municipal solid waste?

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW)—more commonly known as trash or garbage—consists of everyday items we use and then throw away, such as product packaging, grass clippings, furniture, clothing, bottles, food scraps, newspapers, appliances, paint, and batteries. This comes from our homes, schools, hospitals, and businesses.

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What are the causes of industrial waste?

Causes of Industrial Pollution

  • Lack of Policies to Control Pollution. …
  • Unplanned Industrial Growth. …
  • Use of Outdated Technologies. …
  • Presence of a Large Number of Small Scale Industries. …
  • Inefficient Waste Disposal. …
  • Leaching of Resources From Our Natural World. …
  • Natural Resource Use.

What are the effects of waste on environment?

Some waste will eventually rot, but not all, and in the process it may smell, or generate methane gas, which is explosive and contributes to the greenhouse effect. Leachate produced as waste decomposes may cause pollution. Badly-managed landfill sites may attract vermin or cause litter.

What are the causes and effects of improper waste disposal?

Soil, water and air pollution can all be a result of improper waste disposal and occurs when either of them becomes contaminated with hazardous materials. Not only does this contribute to the creation of a greenhouse gas effects but also causes significant harm to marine and wildlife.