The key lies in its varied ecosystems. The six natural regions of Colombia – Andean, Caribbean, Pacific, Orinoquía, Amazon and Insular – are home to practically every type of habitat, from tropical rainforest and Andean cloud forest to open savannahs and high-altitude moorland.
How many habitats are in Colombia?
Colombia can be divided into five traditional geographic regions: the Atlantic lowlands, the Pacific coastal region, the Andean region, the Llanos, and the Amazonian rainforest.
Is Colombia the most biodiverse country?
Colombia is the second most biodiverse country in the world
In fact, per square kilometer, the country is the most biodiverse. There are more bird, amphibian, butterfly, and frog species here than anywhere else in the world.
What country has all ecosystems?
Brazil is the Earth’s biodiversity champion. Between the Amazon rainforest and Mata Atlantica forest, the woody savanna-like cerrado, the massive inland swamp known as the Pantanal, and a range of other terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, Brazil leads the world in plant and amphibian species counts.
Why Colombia is a biodiversity hotspot?
The Amazon rainforest, the Andes, coastal zones to the Pacific and Atlantic oceans and the extensive river landscapes: even this small selection illustrates the sheer diversity of ecosystems that exist in Colombia, and the variety of plants and animal species is correspondingly wide.
Does Colombia have a rainforest?
Colombia’s Serranía de Chiribiquete is now the world’s largest tropical rainforest national park. In a momentous win for conservation, Colombia’s Serranía de Chiribiquete was officially expanded to 10.6 million acres today, making it the world’s largest protected tropical rain forest national park.
What animal is Colombia known for?
The Official National Animal of Colombia. The national animal of Colombia is the Andean condor. Take one look at the Andean condor and it’s not hard to believe that it’s one of the biggest birds of prey on the earth. It can weigh up to 25 pounds with a wingspan of 10 feet!
How many endemic species are in Colombia?
There are approximately 62,819 known species in Colombia, of which 8,803 species are endemic, which is 14% of the total number of known unique species in this country.
Why is Colombia so diverse?
Colombia’s ethnic and cultural diversity is due to its geographic location at the doorway of South America, a place of strategic passage connecting the North and the South of the continent, as well as a historically important point of arrival for Spaniards and Africans coming to the Americas.
Which ecosystem has the most biodiversity?
Coral reefs are believed by many to have the highest biodiversity of any ecosystem on the planet—even more than a tropical rainforest.
Which country has the richest biodiversity?
5 of the Most Biodiverse Countries in the World
- Brazil. Brazil is considered THE most biodiverse country on the planet – where one-tenth of the world’s overall species call home. …
- China. …
- Peru. …
- Mexico. …
What are the 12 mega biodiversity countries?
Aside from the WCMC, in 2002 a total of 12 of the main developing countries considered mega-diverse gathered in Mexico: Brazil, China, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Mexico, Peru, South Africa and Venezuela.
What is the most megadiverse country?
The most megadiverse country in the world is Brazil due mainly to the presence of the Amazon Rainforest. The Amazon has the most diverse plant and animal life on the planet, with many different life forms not being present anywhere else on earth.