The country’s diverse physical features and climatic conditions have resulted in a variety of ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, grasslands, desert, coastal and marine ecosystems which harbour and sustain high biodiversity and contribute to human well-being.
How many ecosystems are in India?
India is one of the eight Vavilov’s centers of origin of cultivated plants in the world and has twenty distinct agro-ecosystems, characterized by variations in edaphic, climatic and geographic features, and consequently a diverse cropping pattern.
What are two types of ecosystem found in India?
(1) Terrestrial ecosystem: Ecosystems found on land e.g. forest, grasslands, deserts,Tundra. (2) Aquatic ecosystem: Plants and animal community found in water bodies. These can be further classified into two sub groups. (i) Fresh water ecosystems, such as rivers, lakes and ponds.
What are the 3 most common ecosystems?
There are three broad categories of ecosystems based on their general environment: freshwater, ocean water, and terrestrial. Within these broad categories are individual ecosystem types based on the organisms present and the type of environmental habitat.
What is ecosystem diversity of India?
The ecological or ecosystem diversity of the country is enormous, ranging from sea level to the highest mountainous ranges in the world; hot and arid conditions in the northwest to cold arid conditions in the trans-Himalayan region; tropical wet evergreen forests in Northeast India and the Western Ghats; mangroves of …
What is India most known for?
31 Amazing Things – India Is Famous For
- Largest Democracy in The World. …
- Highest Number of Official Languages. …
- World’s Largest Postal Network. …
- Statue of Unity. …
- World’s Highest Cricket Ground. …
- Invention of Chess. …
- Yoga Originated in India. …
- The Most Number of Tigers.
What are the 4 types of ecosystems?
Types of Ecosystem
- Forest Ecosystems.
- Grassland Ecosystems.
- Tundra Ecosystems.
- Desert Ecosystem.
Does India have a desert?
The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that covers an area of 200,000 km2 (77,000 sq mi) and forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. … The Thar Desert is about 4.56% of the total geographic area of India.
What is ecosystem Class 9?
An ecosystem is a community of plants, animals and smaller organisms that live,feed, reproduce and interact in the same area or environment. … For example, many bird species nest in one place and feed in a completely different area.
What are the 3 categories of ecosystem?
Ecosystems have lots of different living organisms that interact with each other. The living organisms in an ecosystem can be divided into three categories: producers, consumers and decomposers.
What is the most common ecosystem?
Ocean ecosystems are most common on Earth, as oceans and the living organisms they contain cover 75% of the Earth’s surface. Freshwater ecosystems are the rarest, covering only 1.8% of the Earth’s surface.
What are the 3 types of forest ecosystems?
The word forest broadly describes an area that has a large number of trees. There are three general types of forest that exist: temperate, tropical, and boreal.