Despite the presence of diversified wildlife and their invaluable benefits, wildlife resources of Ethiopia are under ongoing pressure due to: direct causes including habitat conversion, unsustainable utilization, and invasive species, replacement of local varieties and breeds, climate change, and pollution.
What are the current wildlife threats in Ethiopia?
The most important threats include grazing by domestic animal, shortage of funding, increased human population growth, expansion of invasive alien species, weak law enforcement, encroachment of human settlement, human wildlife conflict, lack of alternative livelihood activities and others.
What are the major threats to wildlife?
Major threats to wildlife include habitat destruction, degradation, fragmentation, overexploitation, poaching, pollution and climate change. The IUCN estimates that 27,000 species of the ones assessed are at risk for extinction.
What are the major challenges of wild life conservation in Ethiopia?
Currently, the main threats to the country’s wildlife include habitat destruction/loss and habitat fragmentation due to the rapid population growth and subsequent illegal agricultural encroachment, illegal settlement, poaching, etc.
What are the threats to Ethiopian wolves?
The endangered wolves are threatened by habitat destruction and degradation, conflict with farmers and also by catching fatal diseases such as rabies and canine distemper virus (CDV) from the domestic dog populations. The latter can kill many of the wolves in a short space of time.
What are the major protected areas in Ethiopia?
… selected sites representing a wide range of ecological and socioeconomic conditions: Abijata-Shalla Lakes National Park (ASLNP), Bale Mountains National Park (BMNP), Awash National Park (ANP), and Senkelle Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary (SSHS) (see Figure 1).
What are the challenges of wildlife resource in Ethiopia?
Even though, Ethiopia is the third country next to Tanzania and Uganda in terms of land surface of protected area; human-wildlife conflict, loss of biodiversity, and limited tourism and conservation attention with poor infrastructure are some of the major challenges.
What are the major threats to wildlife Class 10?
Top 10 Biggest Threats to Wildlife of India
- Deforestation. …
- Habitat Loss. …
- Poaching. …
- Hunting. …
- Road Kill. …
- Rail Track. …
- Electric Fence – Electrocuted. …
- Plastic Pollution.
What is the main cause of decrease in wildlife?
Complete answer: Habitat loss and fragmentation is the major cause of the decreasing number of wildlife population. The area where the maximum loss of habitat happening is in the tropical rainforests. These areas covered a major portion of the earth’s surface, but now they have diminished to an alarming proportion.
What is the greatest threat to animals and why?
Habitat loss—due to destruction, fragmentation, or degradation of habitat—is the primary threat to the survival of wildlife in the United States. Climate change is quickly becoming the biggest threat to the long-term survival of America’s wildlife.
What are the major causes of increasing destruction of wild animals in Ethiopia?
Causes of habitat clearing habitats for agriculture are the principal cause of habitat destruction. Other important include mining, logging, trawling and urban sprawl ( Bisanda S., 2003). Habitat destruction is currently ranked as the primary cause of species extinction worldwide.
What are the problems of wild animal in Africa?
The biggest challenge we face as conservationists, is the persecution of the species we are trying to protect – from an ongoing loss and fragmentation of their natural habitat, the wire snares of the bush-meat hunters, the poaching and poisoning of animals for body parts, to the people and disease carrying domestic …
What is Ethiopian wildlife?
Wildlife. Ethiopian wolf, Walia ibex, Gelada baboon, Simien fox, Fischer’s lovebirds, colobus monkey, elephant, lion. Primary Ecosystems. Primary Ecosystems. Afroalpine and sub-afroalpine, Montane dry forest and scrub, lowland tropical forest, wetlands, desert and semi-desert.